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Turkish Language Verb Tenses

Gelmek -- Past Dubitative, Compound, Conditional...
In Turkey - Türkiye'de

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Related Pages:
  • All the Turkish Verb Tenses, Index
  • Turkish Verbal Nouns
  • Turkish Language Verbal Factoids
  • Verb 'to be' Index
  • The three ways to say 'to be' in Turkish
  • Turkish Adverbs
  • The Indicative Mood Tenses

    Indicative Mood -- Past Dubitative, Compound Conditional Tense
    (Bileşik Eylem Zamanları, Belirsiz Geçmiş zamanın şartı)
    Past Dubitative, Compound Conditional -- Negative Past Dubitative, Compound Conditional -- Interrogative Past Dubitative, Compound Conditional -- Negative Interrogative
    gelmişsem --
    if I have come
    gelmemişsem --
    if I haven't come
    gelmişsem mi? --
    [what] if I have come?
    gelmemişsem mi?--
    [what] if I haven't come?
    gelmişsen --
    if you have come
    gelmemişsen --
    if you haven't come
    gelmişsen mi? --
    [what] if you have come?
    gelmemişsen mi? --
    [what] if you haven't come?
    gelmişse --
    if he has come
    gelmemişse --
    if he hasn't come
    gelmişse mi? --
    [what] if he has come?
    gelmemişse mi? --
    [what] if he hasn't come?
    gelmişsek --
    if we have come
    gelmemişsek --
    if we haven't come
    gelmişsek mi? --
    [what] if we have come?
    gelmemişsek mi? --
    [what] if we haven't come?
    gelmişseniz --
    if you have come
    gelmemişseniz --
    if you haven't come
    gelmişseniz mi? --
    [what] if you have come?
    gelmemişseniz mi? --
    [what] if you haven't come?
    (gelmişseler) --
    if they have come
    (gelmemişseler) --
    if they haven't come
    gelmişlerse mi? (gelmişseler mi?)--
    [what] if they have come?
    gelmemişlerse mi?
    (gelmemişseler mi?) --
    [what] if they haven't come?
    Related Examples:
    In Turkey - Türkiye'de

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    Paranız bitmişse, size biraz borç para verebilirim.
    I can lend you some money if your money has been spent.
    Yeni evlerini görmemişsen, gidelim.
    If you haven't seen their new home, let's go (visit them).
    Eğer bu haydutlar fazla uzaklaşmamışlarsa, onları yakalama şansımız var!
    If these bandits haven't gotten too far away, we have a chance of catching them.
    Note: This verb construction is hardly ever used, but may be seen infrequently in the following type of conversation between two people...

    Person #1: O eski halıyı atmışlarsa onlara çok kızacağım.
    If they throw away the old carpet, I'll be very upset with them....
    Person #2: Atmışlarsa mı? Zannetmiyorum, atmamışlardır, çünki halılar eskidikçe değerlenir. If they throw it away? I don't think [they will]. They won't throw [it] away because carpets get [more] valuable with age.

    (Note: This verb construction is hardly ever used)

    * compare this tense with the Optative Mood Simple Tense...

    In Turkey - Türkiye'de

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    Related Pages:
  • All the Turkish Verb Tenses, Index
  • The three ways to say 'to be' in Turkish
  • Verb 'to be' Index
  • Turkish Verbal Nouns
  • Turkish Adverbs
  • Turkish Language Verbal Factoids
  • Turkish Language Verb Tense for inference and doubt
  • Practical Participle Constructions
  • Translating Turkish
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  • Turkish Numbers Revealed
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