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Turkish Language Verb Tenses

Gelmek -- Past Dubitative, Compound, Conditional...
In Turkey - Türkiye'de

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Related Pages:
  • All the Turkish Verb Tenses, Index
  • Turkish Verbal Nouns
  • Turkish Language Verbal Factoids
  • Verb 'to be' Index
  • The three ways to say 'to be' in Turkish
  • Turkish Adverbs
  • The Indicative Mood Tenses

    Indicative Mood -- Past Dubitative, Compound Conditional Tense
    (Bileşik Eylem Zamanları, Belirsiz Geçmiş zamanın şartı)
    Past Dubitative, Compound Conditional -- Negative Past Dubitative, Compound Conditional -- Interrogative Past Dubitative, Compound Conditional -- Negative Interrogative
    gelmişsem --
    if I have come
    gelmemişsem --
    if I haven't come
    gelmişsem mi? --
    [what] if I have come?
    gelmemişsem mi?--
    [what] if I haven't come?
    gelmişsen --
    if you have come
    gelmemişsen --
    if you haven't come
    gelmişsen mi? --
    [what] if you have come?
    gelmemişsen mi? --
    [what] if you haven't come?
    gelmişse --
    if he has come
    gelmemişse --
    if he hasn't come
    gelmişse mi? --
    [what] if he has come?
    gelmemişse mi? --
    [what] if he hasn't come?
    gelmişsek --
    if we have come
    gelmemişsek --
    if we haven't come
    gelmişsek mi? --
    [what] if we have come?
    gelmemişsek mi? --
    [what] if we haven't come?
    gelmişseniz --
    if you have come
    gelmemişseniz --
    if you haven't come
    gelmişseniz mi? --
    [what] if you have come?
    gelmemişseniz mi? --
    [what] if you haven't come?
    gelmişlerse
    (gelmişseler) --
    if they have come
    gelmemişlerse
    (gelmemişseler) --
    if they haven't come
    gelmişlerse mi? (gelmişseler mi?)--
    [what] if they have come?
    gelmemişlerse mi?
    (gelmemişseler mi?) --
    [what] if they haven't come?
    Related Examples:
    In Turkey - Türkiye'de

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    Paranız bitmişse, size biraz borç para verebilirim.
    I can lend you some money if your money has been spent.
    Yeni evlerini görmemişsen, gidelim.
    If you haven't seen their new home, let's go (visit them).
    -----
    Eğer bu haydutlar fazla uzaklaşmamışlarsa, onları yakalama şansımız var!
    If these bandits haven't gotten too far away, we have a chance of catching them.
    Note: This verb construction is hardly ever used, but may be seen infrequently in the following type of conversation between two people...

    Person #1: O eski halıyı atmışlarsa onlara çok kızacağım.
    If they throw away the old carpet, I'll be very upset with them....
    Person #2: Atmışlarsa mı? Zannetmiyorum, atmamışlardır, çünki halılar eskidikçe değerlenir. If they throw it away? I don't think [they will]. They won't throw [it] away because carpets get [more] valuable with age.

    (Note: This verb construction is hardly ever used)

    * compare this tense with the Optative Mood Simple Tense...

    In Turkey - Türkiye'de

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    Related Pages:
  • All the Turkish Verb Tenses, Index
  • The three ways to say 'to be' in Turkish
  • Verb 'to be' Index
  • Turkish Verbal Nouns
  • Turkish Adverbs
  • Turkish Language Verbal Factoids
  • Turkish Language Verb Tense for inference and doubt
  • Practical Participle Constructions
  • Translating Turkish
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  • Turkish Accenting
  • Turkish Numbers Revealed
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