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Turkish Numbers Revealed
Turkish Numeral Mania!
All the ways there are to use numbers in Turkish...
including Turkish cardinal numbers, Turkish ordinal numbers, Turkish decimal numbers,
Roman Numerals in Turkish, Turkish fractions, Turkish percentages,
even playing cards in Turkish

Now with sound!

In Turkey - Türkiye'de

Tüm içecek fırsatları için tıklayın !

Start learning Turkish numbers, today.
You can do it, yes you can!

Turkish Numbers -- Woman with Abacus.

Overheard at the
Animal Trader's Convention
near Selçuk
in the midst of the din during the
pig-squealing contest...

Do you know the difference between a cardinal and an ordinal, Marvin?
Let's see now...
A cardinal is a chirpy l'il warbler with red head-feathers, ain't it Mabel.
So, I reckon an ordinal is a sorry lookin' buzzard with a big ole bald-spot --
much like yer Uncle Pharful. [snigger snigger snigger]

It's very unkind of you to make fun of Uncle Pharful's physical defects that way Marv. He can't help how he looks...
Oh really?
Would you rather I recount a few 'Pharful stories' that reveal his
lamebrain character defects? Like his trial-marriage plans with that female-impersonator in Vegas?? Why... if I hadn'ta intervened, he'd still be barkin' up the wrong tree-stump...
Then there was the time he puked Roma Rocket on his lawyer --
just after the jury brought in a not-proved verdict at his
drunk-driving trial.
And, don' forget that incident in Bethany Beach when...

You certainly have a memory for gory details, Marvin...
except when it comes to yer own shortcomings.
Fer example, what about the time you were caught in the
Özdere old-folks home after visitin' hours in yer long-johns?
The local tabloid had a real field-day with that one, I recall...

Hold it right there Mabel...
No need to go uppin'  the ante, this late in the game.

Yez...
I thought you'd see the light.

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Turkish Cardinal Numbers
- asal sayılar -

Turkish
English
How to depict it with numerals in Turkish
Examples, supplements, and explanations
sıfır

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the 'number' zero0 Denize sıfır bir evde oturuyorum. I'm living in a house that is right on the beach. (..a house that is zero distance to the sea.)

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Sıfır kilometre yeni bir Ford arabası satın aldım. I bought a brand-new Ford. (...a Ford with zero kilometers, that is, a Ford with no previous owners.)

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bir

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the number one1Ağaçtan bir tane elma koparabilir miyim? May I pick an apple from the tree?

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Bir bilet almak istiyorum. I want to buy a ticket.
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Amaçlarımız bir. Our aims are the same.

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iki

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two2Bebeğim için iki litre süt aldım. I bought two liters of milk for my baby.

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üç

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three3Kasaptan üç kilo dana kıyma alır mısın? Would you (please) buy three kilos of ground beef from the butcher?

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dört

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four4Bugün ayın dördü. Today is the fourth day of the month.

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beş

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five5Yaşasın! İngilizceden beş aldım, sınıfı geçtim. Great news! I got a '5' in English [the highest grade/mark] and graduated from the class.

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altı six6 
yedi seven7 
sekiz eight8 
dokuz nine9 
on ten10 
on bir
[or onbir]
eleven11 
on iki
[or oniki]
twelve12 
on üç
[or onüç]
thirteen13 
on dört
[or ondört]
fourteen14 
on beş
[or onbeş]
fifteen15 
on altı
[or onaltı]
sixteen16 
on yedi
[or onyedi]
seventeen17 
on sekiz
[or onsekiz]
eighteen18 
on dokuz
[or ondokuz]
nineteen19 
yirmi twenty20 
yirmi bir
[or yirmibir]
twenty-one21 
otuz thirty30 
kırk

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forty40Eşimle tam kırk yıl mutlu bir hayat yaşadık. My wife and I were happily married for forty years.

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Interesting uses of kırk...
Besides its use literally as the number (40), kırk is also used figuratively when one wants to indicate 'very many, far too many' - or any number that is indefinitely high. We English-speakers often use 'a million' for such purposes, e.g., She's one in a million! Usage of kırk in Turkish is traceable to the Koran (where the number forty is employed for both literal and figurative purposes). Figurative-use examples of kırk that are found in everyday Turkish include:

In idioms...

  • kırk bir kere maşallah
  • kırk yılda bir [gün], once in a 'blue moon'
  • kırkından sonra azmak, to behave like a randy young buck after one has reached a more 'mature' age

In proverbs...
Bir adama kırk gün deli dersen, deli olur.
If you call a man crazy for forty days, he will become crazy.
Kırk hırsız bir çiplağı soyamamış.
Forty thieves could not rob a naked man.
In compound words...
kırkmerak, overly curious
kırkayak, centipede

Thanks to JG for the reminder...
16 October 2002
elli fifty50 
altmış sixty60 
yetmiş seventy70 
seksen eighty80 
doksan ninety90 
yüz (or bir yüz) one-hundred or a hundred100Exercise care when using yüz, as it can have several other meanings besides a hundred.
For example, iki yüz does indeed mean two hundred,
but iki yüzlü means two-faced...
Click following to see some other yüz examples...
yüz bir (or yüzbir) one-hundred and one101 
yüz on (or yüzon) one-hundred and ten110 
yüz on bir (or yüzonbir) one-hundred and eleven111 
iki yüz (or ikiyüz) two-hundred200 
bin one-thousand1000 or 1.000 
bir milyon one-million1.000.000 
bir milyar one-billion (USA) or one-thousand million (UK)1.000.000.000 

iki yüz altmış sekiz milyon dört yüz doksan dokuz bin üç yüz elli yedi
two-hundred sixty-eight million four-hundred ninety-nine thousand three-hundred and fifty-seven or 268,499,357268.499.357Usually, you'll see large numbers spelled out, without any separating spaces, e.g.,
kırkbeşbinotuziki (45,032 English or
45.032 Turkish)

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Turkish Ordinal Numbers
- sıra sayıları -

Turkish
English
How to depict it with numerals in Turkish
Examples, supplements, and explanations
birinci

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first or 1st 1'inci or 1.'A', İngiliz ile Türk alfabesinin birinci harfi. 'A' is the first letter in the English and Turkish alphabets.

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ikincisecond or 2nd 2'inci or 2. 
üçüncüthird or 3rd 3'üncü or 3. 
dördüncüfourth or 4th 4'üncü or 4. 
beşincififth or 5th 5'inci or 5. 
altıncısixth or 6th 6'ıncı or 6.Use this ordinal number with care.
See why, by clicking here for the altıncı exception...
yedinciseventh or 7th 7'inci or 7. 
sekizincieighth or 8th 8'inci or 8. 
dokuzuncuninth or 9th 9'uncu or 9. 
onuncutenth or 10th 10'uncu or 10. 
on birinci or onbirincieleventh or 11th 11'inci or 11. 
on yedinci or onyedinci

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seventeenth or 17th 17'inci or 17.Cevri Çelebi, 17. yüzyılın ünlü şairlerindendi. Cevri Çelebi was among the famous poets of the 17th Century.

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yirminci twentieth or 20th 20'inci or 20. 
yirmi birinci twenty-first or 21st 21'inci or 21. 
otuzuncu thirtieth or 30th 30'uncu or 30. 
kırkıncı fortieth or 40th 40'ıncı or 40. 
ellinci fiftieth or 50th 50'inci or 50. 
altmışıncı sixtieth or 60th 60'ıncı or 60. 
yetmişinci seventieth or 70th 70'inci or 70. 
sekseninci eightieth or 80th 80'inci or 80. 
doksanıncı ninetieth or 90th 90'ıncı or 90. 
yüzüncü one-hundredth or 100th 100'üncü or 100. 
bininci one-thousandth or 1000th 1000'inci or 1000. 
milyonuncu one-millionth or 1,000,000th 1.000.000'uncu or 1.000.000. 
milyarıncı one-billionth (USA); one-thousand millionth (UK) or 1,000,000,000th 1.000.000.000'ıncı or 1.000.000.000.  

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Turkish Decimal Numbers

Turkish
English
How to depict it with numerals in Turkish
Examples, supplements, and explanations
sıfır virgül bir 'point one' or 'zero point one' or 0.10,1 
bir virgül bir 'one point one' or 1.11,1 
iki bin dört yüz on beş virgül yedi two thousand four hundred fifteen point seven or 2,415.72.415,7  

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Turkish Fractions
- kesirler -

Turkish
English
How to depict it with numerals in Turkish
Examples, supplements, and explanations
çeyrek one-quarter
or 1/4
4/1 
ikide bir one-half
or 1/2
2/1 
üçte bir one-third
or 1/3
3/1 
dörtte bir one-fourth
or 1/4
4/1 
beşte bir one-fifth
or 1/5
5/1 
onda bir one-tenth
or 1/10
10/1 
buçuk
Only used after whole numbers...
...and a half
or
...and 1/2
2/1 
iki buçuk two and a half
or 2 1/2
2 2/1 
dokuz yedide üç nine and three-sevenths
or 9 3/7
9 7/3 
yarı

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  • half of the, half the
  • half of, mid-
  • half time, the half [in a sports match]
  • halfway, half, only partially, semi
not applicable
  • Misafirlerin sadece yarısı geldi. Only half the guests have come.

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  • gece yarısı midnight
  • Yarı işim bitti. I finished half my work.
  • Yarı yolda kaldık. We were left stranded in mid-journey.
  • yarı gece midnight
  • yarı yün yarı poliyester bir süveter a sweater that is half wool and half polyester
  • yarı açık half open
  • Yarı anladım. I half understood.
  • yarı pişmiş tavuk half-cooked [underdone] chicken
  • yarı resmi semi-official
yarım

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a half ... not applicable
  • yarım saat a half an hour

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  • yarım kilo patates half a kilo of potatoes

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  • Idiomatic use:
    Yarımda görüşürüz. We'll meet at half past twelve (12:30 AM or PM).

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One each of, two each of...
Portionate Numbers in Turkish
- üleştirme numaralar -

Turkish
English
How to depict it with numerals in Turkish
Examples, supplements, and explanations
yarımşar half each (of), half apiece not applicable 
birer one each (of), one apiece not applicable 
ikişer

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two each (of), two apiece not applicableDört fahişe ikişer ay on beşer gün cezaevinde mahkum edilmişlerdir. Four prostitutes were each sentenced to two months and fifteen days in prison.
(In numerals:...2'şer ay 15'şer gün...)

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üçer

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three each (of), three apiece not applicableÇocuklar üçer kişilik sıralar halinde dizildiler. The children lined up in rows, three by three.

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dörder four each (of), four apiece not applicable 
beşer five each (of), five apiece not applicableBütün çocuklara beşer elma veriniz. Give all the children 5 apples each.
altışar six each (of), four apiece not applicable 
yedişer seven each (of), seven apiece not applicable 
sekizer eight each (of), eight apiece not applicable 
dokuzar

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nine each (of), nine apiece not applicableHer bahçeye dokuzar ağaç dikiniz. Plant nine trees in each garden.

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onar ten each (of), ten apiece not applicable
  • Bir manga onar kişilik askerlerden oluşur. A squad of soldiers is made up of 10 soldiers each.
  • onar onar in groups of ten each, ten at a time, in tens
  • Beware the ambiguity that can arise from onar, the third-person wide-tense of the verb onamak to approve, ratify, certify.
on birer
also onbirer
Please note the norm, in which the suffix is attached to the last element in the compound-word... There are exceptions though -- as you'll see further below.
eleven each (of), eleven apiece not applicable 
yirmişer twenty each (of), twenty apiece not applicableyermişer yermişer in groups of twenty, twenty at a time
yirmi beşer twenty-five each (of), twenty-five apiece
otuzar thirty each (of), thirty apiece not applicable 
kırkar forty each (of), forty apiece not applicable 
ellişer fifty each (of), fifty apiece not applicable 
yüzer a hundred each (of), a hundred apiece not applicableüç yüz seksen dokuzar
three-hundred eighty-nine each
Exception, with whole hundreds...
ikişer yüz [not iki yüzer]
two hundred apiece
biner a thousand each (of), a thousand apiece not applicableException, with whole thousands...
ikişer bin [not iki biner]
two hundred apiece
birer milyon not milyonar nor bir milyonar a million each (of), a million apiece not applicabledon't confuse with milyoner, millionaire...
ikişer milyar not iki milyarartwo billion each (of), two billion apiece not applicable  

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Turkish Percentages

Turkish
English
How to depict it with numerals in Turkish
Examples, supplements, and explanations
yüzde bir one percent or 1% %1 
yüzde on ten percent or 10% %10 
yüzde yirmi beş twenty-five percent or 25% %25gelirimin yüzde yirmi beşi twenty-five percent of my income
Using numbers, the phrase above would appear as:
gelirimin %25'i
yüzde elli fifty percent or 50% %50 
yüzde yetmiş beş

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seventy-five percent or 75% %75Dünyanın yüz ölçümünün yüzde yetmiş dört virgul ikisi suyla kaplıdır. Of the earth's total surface, 74.2% is covered with water.

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Using numbers, the phrase above would appear as:
Dünyanın yüz ölçümünün %74,2'si suyla kaplıdır.
yüzde yüz one hundred percent or 100% %100Bu yıl fiyatlara yüzde yüz zam yapıldı. Prices increased by 100% this year. (...a 100% increase was made.)

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Roman Numerals in Turkish
- Romen rakamı -

Turkish
English
How to depict it with numerals in Turkish
Examples, supplements, and explanations
I or I. I -- the Roman Numeral one see first columnI Selim or I. Selim Selim the First (The ninth Ottoman sultan and father of Suleyman the Magnificent was also known as Selim the Grim.)
Note: In Turkish, the sultan's name is read aloud as birinci Selim.
II or II. II -- the Roman Numeral two see first columnII Selim or II. Selim Selim the Second (The eleventh Ottoman sultan and son of Suleyman the Magnificent was also known as Selim the Sot.)
Note: In Turkish, the sultan's name is read aloud as ikinci Selim.
III or III. III -- the Roman Numeral three see first columnIII Selim or III. Selim Selim the third (The twenty-eighth Ottoman sultan reigned between 1789 and 1807.)
Note: In Turkish, the sultan's name is read aloud as üçüncü Selim.
IV or IV. IV -- the Roman Numeral four see first columnIV Mustafa or IV. Mustafa Mustafa the Fourth (The twenty-nineth Ottoman sultan had a short reign between 1807 and 1808.)
Note: In Turkish, the sultan's name is read aloud as dördüncü Mustafa.
XX or XX. XX -- the Roman Numeral twenty see first columnXX asır or XX. asır the twentieth century
XXI asır or XXI. asır the twenty-first century
LXIII or LXIII. LXIII -- the Roman Numeral sixty-three see first columnLXIII İzmir Enternasyonal Fuarı or LXIII. İzmir Enternasyonal Fuarı the sixty-third International Fair of Izmir (held in 1994)

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Turkish Playing Cards
- oyun kağıdılar -

Turkish
English
Examples, supplements, and explanations
[bir] sinek, karo, kupa, maça [a] club, diamond, heart, spade 
as the ace,
when used with a value above the king...
Also see birli below.
Sinek ası attım.
I played the ace of clubs.
papaz [the] kingKaro papazı istedi. He wanted the king of diamonds.
kız [the] queenKupa kızına ithiyacım vardı. I needed the queen of hearts.
vale [the] jack, knaveMaça valeyi çekti. She drew the jack of spades.
onlu [the] tenO sinek onluyu attı. He discarded the 10 of clubs.
dokuzlu [the] nine 
sekizli [the] eight 
yedili [the] seven 
altılı [the] six 
beşli [the] five 
dörtlü [the] four 
üçlü [the] three 
ikili [the] two 
birli [the] ace,
when used with a value of 1
 

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'Everyday' words and phrases
to use together with numbers and numerals in Turkish


Turkish
English
Examples, supplements, and explanations
artıplus 
asıl sayılarcardinal numbers1, 2, 3, etc.
azami[a] maximum 
boyheight, length 
bölüdivided by 
bölünmekto be divided 
çarpanmultiplier 
çarpı
  1. multiplication sign
  2. times, multiplied by
 
çarpmamultiplication 
çarpmakto multiply [one number] by [another] 
çıkarmasubtraction 
çıkarmakto subtract [an amount] from [another] 
çıkmakto be subtracted from  
çift[a] pair,
[an] even number
 
dakikaminute 
derecedegree (of temperature) 
eksiminus, negative 
elde var birand carry one 
eşitequals, is equal to 
etmekto equal, make 
kalanremainder, difference 
karesquarebeş metre kare five square meters
kesirfraction 
masrafcost 
mesafedistance 
minimum[a] minimum 
noktapointused to designate a comma in Turkish -- for separating thousands, millions, etc. For example,
4.036.001 in Turkish is
4,036,001 in English -- or four million thirty-six thousand and one, in English.
rakam digit, numeral 
Romen rakamıRoman numeral 
saathourSaat kaç?
What time is it?
[How many hours is it?]
Saat ondur.
It's ten o'clock.
sınırsız sayıinfinity 
sıra sayılarıordinal numbersfirst (1st), second (2nd), third (3rd), etc.
sonsuzküçükinfinitesimal 
tarihdate 
taksimdivision sign 
-i/e taksim etmekto divide [one figure] into/
by [another]
 
tek[an] odd number 
toplamtotal 
toplamaaddition 
toplama işareti or toplama imiplus sign 
toplamakto add, add up,
to total
 
uzakfaruzaklık distance
vakittimeVakitiniz varsa, yardım edebilir misin(iz)? If you have time, can you help [me] out?
On dakikalık vaktim var. I have ten minutes time [for you].
virgülcommaused to designate a decimal point in Turkish -- for separating a whole number from its decimal postion...For example,
4,036 in Turkish is
4.036 in English -- or four point zero thirty-six, in English.
yakınnearçok yakın very near, very close
yükseklikaltitude 
yüzde,
yüzde oranı
percentage 
zamantimeParanızı varsa yavrum, zamanımı var. If you got the money honey, I got the time!
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Thanks to G.L. Lewis and Mehmet Hengirmen
for some of the ideas and material that appear on this page...


With fond appreciation to
Selami Tangör
(our friend and distinguished Turkish elder)
for many of the finely-rendered voice recordings,
you hear above...
September 2002

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