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Turkish Newspaper Readers
Encyclopedic Dictionary
'K'

In Turkey - Türkiye'de

Tüm içecek fırsatları için tıklayın !


For English-speakers
who wish to understand Turkish Newspapers
World regions, bodies of water, land masses,
mountain ranges, countries, cities, nationalities and languages --
plus notable persons, places, and things
from current events and modern history, politics, art, law, business, etc.

If you don't find the names, terms, or phrases you need here...
click to let us know and we'll add them.
Site visitors may navigate the News Reader pages using
the News Readers Index Page.
Turkish
English
Examples, supplements, and explanations
K  
K2
[Godwin Austen Doğru]
[the mountain peak known as] "K2"
[aka Godwin Austen Peak]
...located in Hindistan. Though the K2 Peak is not as well-known as Mount Everest, it is still one of the world's 10 highest mountain peaks at 28,250 feet (8,611 m). First ascended in 1954 by the Italian Mountain Climbing Team of Desio, Lacedelli, and Campagnoni.
Continue Reading "Turkish mountain climbers set to ascend Mount Everest"...»
KabilKabul
[the capital city of Afganistan]
 
kaçak
  • [a] fugitive
  • contraband [goods]
  • illegal, illegally done
  • [a] leak, leakage
    Good news
    for smugglers!


    Left click for image enlargement.
  • kaçakçı; [a] smuggler, [a] dealer in contraband goods
  • kaçakçılık; smuggling, dealing in contraband goods
  • In the news: 19 March 2004...The days of contraband goods in Turkey are back! DYP shadow-Minister Mehmet Akbay decried the AKP's recent heavy tax increases on 'products of sin' saying, "The government is returning us to the 1980's [during Turgut Özal's moralizing days as Prime Minister]. By jacking up taxes on tobacco and alcohol products beyond reason, the government is encouraging dealers in contraband goods. And the extra income, that the government expects to gain, will go to criminals instead. See article at left.
  • Also see more recent news from 20 February 2005, together with a famous Turkish idiom...
  • kadrolaşma cronyism
    (Also...LB indicates 'clientelism' as an alternative meaning.)
    ...is the practice of showing favoritism to friends, especially by their appointment to political posts with little regard for suitability.
    In the news: 10 May 2003...Tension is mounting between Cumhurbaşkanı Ahmet Necdet Sezer and Başbakan Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Since the AKP's November 2002 election triumph, President Sezer has blocked 181 of Prime Minister Erdoğan's political appointments -- intended to pack the civil government with his cronies. In reply, Erdoğan has strongly criticized Sezer for Sezer's own cronyism during his time as President.


    Kafkasya (Kafkasyalı)[the] Caucasus, Caucasia, Caucasian, of the Caucasus (a Caucasian person/thing)Kafkas Dağları; [the] Caucasus Mountains
    Map of the
    Caucasus Region
    and environs
    in Turkish

    Turkish newspaper dictionary -- map of Caucasus region
    Click!

    Only on CD


    KahireCairo
    [the capital city of Egypt]
     
    [el] Kaida/Kayda[al] Qaida/Qaeda Also seen as:
    al/el Kaida/Kaide/Kayda [Terörist] Örgütü; The al Qaida/Qaeda [Terrorist] Organization

    See related
    'Black Comedy' Cartoon...

    Kainat Güzeli Yarışma [the] Miss Universe Beauty Pageant/ContestIn the news: 30 May 2002, Oxana Fedorova (Miss Russia) takes the crown at ceremonies held in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Contestents from Panama and China placed second and third repectively. Seventy-four countries sent representatives.
    KalkütaCalcutta [India] 
    Kamboç or Kamboçya (Kamboçlı, Khmer Dili)
    Cambodia (a Cambodian person/thing, the language of Cambodia) 
    Kamerun (Kamerunlu, Fransızca, İngilizce)The Republic of Cameroon (a Cameroonian person/thing, the languages of Cameroon [French, English])A finalist country for the 2002 Football/Soccer World Cup tournament...
    kamuoyu
    public opinionkamuoyu yoklaması;
    public opinion poll
    Kanada (Kanadalı)Canada (a Canadian person/thing) 
    kanat açıklığı [the] wing-span [of an airplane] 
    Kançenjonga
    [the mountain peak] Kanchenjunga...located in Nepal. It is one of the world's 10 highest mountain peaks at 28,165 feet (8,598 m). First climbed in 1955 by the British -- Brown, Band, Streather, Hardie...
    kanıt evidence, proof 
    kaos chaosKaos Teorisi; Chaos Theory
    kapkaççı
    Compare with gaspçi...
    1. a purse (or handbag) snatcher; any 'snatch-and-run' thief
    2. one who makes excessive profits from shoddy work

    Student Snatch Victims
    Robbed of
    more than their cash...

    Turkish newspaper dictionary -- purse snatch victims
    Left click for enlarged photo article.
    In the News... Instances of  'purse (and handbag) snatching' in Turkey have increased dramatically in recent years -- despite repeated pubic awareness campaigns and beefed up police vigilance. In big cities (especially Istanbul), small well-organized gangs (of both genders) often work together -- even cruising in cars, violently snatching purses (and handbags) through their car windows, then speeding off before the terrified victim knows what's hit her/him. Sociologists have tried to blame the trend on the high unemployment rate (which hovered around 15 percent in 2003-2004, despite rosy claims of an economic recovery by the AKP ruling government). But unemployment in Turkey has been high before -- without a significant increase in crimes of this nature, among the usually forbearing Turkish people. So, something gloomier is at the root of the problem, and big-city tourists should be just a little more careful in guarding their personal belongings -- in their living quarters and on the street. Once a rarity in Turkey, 'purse (and handbag) snatching' may be here to stay (at least in the big Turkish cities and popular resort towns) -- because a small segment of shiftless youth (from almost every walk of life) seems to have adopted it as an easy way to 'live off the land' without having to work. The fact that they might be caught and jailed appears only to add to the 'thrill of the game' for these contemptible sneak thieves. Gözcü Gazetesi, 21 June 2004 (See photo-article at left. Click here for a related Turkish idiom example. Or, click following for other 'Troubles in Turkish Paradise'.)
    karalandkara kuvvetleri;
    [the] army, land forces

    Kara Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı;
    [the] Turkish Army Command

    kara cephesi;
    [the] army front lines

    kara kutu'black box'
    [of an airplane]
     
    Karadağ (Karadağlı)
    A country of independent people who live in mountainous territory on a short, scenic coastline bordering the Adriatic Sea. Formerly part of Yugoslavia -- and before that it was part of the Ottoman Empire... thus, a significant portion of its people speak Turkish.
    Montenegro (a Montenegran/Montenegrin person/thing)
    Karadağ/Montenegro
    Map of Karadağ (Montenegro).
    Thanks to B. C. Biega and
    the University of Texas at Austin.
    Karadeniz
    [the] Black Sea  
    karargahheadquarters 
    Karayib Denizi
    [the] Caribbean Sea 
    Karayipler
    [the] Caribbean Islands 
    kasırga tornadoIn the news: 10 August 2003 -- A tornado in Florida damaged 500 homes, 200 trailers, and left 21,000 people without electricity.
    Katar (Katarlı, Arapça) Qatar (a Qatari person/thing, the language of Qatar [Arabic])
    Qatar provides a home (and financial backing) to the world-wide influential Arab cable-news TV channel, El Cezire...
    ...is an independent emirate on the west coast of the Persian Gulf. It occupies a desert peninsula that extends from the Arabian mainland north of eastern Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.66
    The yearly per-capita income of $16.5 million ! provides the financing to transform the once-backward Qatar into a regional power. A staging area for the 1991 Gulf War, Qatar is now [March 2003] at the center of a geopolitical storm. US war-planes stationed at the El-Udeyd airbase are capable of striking Iraq.97
    Katma Değer Vergisi (KDV)Value Added Tax (VAT) 
    Kayalık Dağları
    [the] Rocky Mountains  
    Kazablanka Kenti Casablanca [Morocco]...is the largest city in Morocco and a major north-African port. Established in 1515 by the Portuguese and occupied by the French 1907-56, it is a transportation and tourist center with a mixed population of Europeans, Asians, and Africans.83
    In the news: 17 May 2003...Al Qaida suicide-bombers take at least 40 civilian lives (and 10 of their own) in a simultaneous attack on four 'soft targets' -- the Belgian consulate, a Jewish alliance association, a Spanish culture-center, and a hotel restaurant.
    Kazakistan (Kazak, Kazakça) [the] Republic of Kazakstan (a Kazak person/thing, the Kazak language)It is bounded on the northwest and north by Russia, on the east by China, and on the south by Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and the Aral Sea; the Caspian Sea bounds Kazakstan to the southwest.66
    Kaz Dağı
    or
    Kaz Dağları
    The magical Mount Ida of classical mythologyKaz Dağı/Mount Ida passes east to west along the Gulf of Edremit's northern Aegean coast -- in the scenic western part of Balıkesir province. Mount Ida was home to Cybele, the Mother Goddess. High on its summit, says the myth, Gods gathered to watch (and determine the outcome) of the Battle of Troy. Today, the mountain bears the simple name Kaz Dağı/Dağları, meaning Goose Mountain(s). The region is popular among vacationing mountaineers, hikers, and nature lovers. Thanks to Recep Peker Tanıtkan (www.diplomat.com.tr).
    Kemalism the modernizing and secularizing, natonalistic political-philosophy of Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk), President of Turkey 1923-1938


    Learn Turkish Language Online -- Ataturk Illustration
    Atatürk marches for Women Rights
    in the early 1930s
    In accordance with his political-philosophy, Atatürk abolished the Ottoman Sultanate in 1922 and the Caliphate (the Islamic religious authority) in 1924. He also abolished Sharia law (replacing it with a Swiss legal model), imposed Western dress (by banning the fez in 1925), promoted European customs, banned polygamy and promoted women's education (1926), encouraged westernized industrialization, replaced Arabic with the Latin alphabet (1928), and in 1934 enacted Women's Voting Rights for the first time in Islamic-country history. In keeping with Atatürk's original philosophy, a modern version of Kemalism still thrives today in Turkey.94
    KerbelaKarbala...is [still] an active trade center in Iraq, 55 miles SSW of Baghdad, on the the edge of the desert, W of the Hindiya River. It is a holy city for Muslims of the Shiite branch, containing the shrine of Husain/Hüysein (the son of Ali) who was slain there in 680 A.D. and commemorated in the Muharram.50
    For location detail, see map of Iraq in Turkish.
    Kerkük Kirkuk [Iraq]In the news: 10-11 April 2003, Oil-rich Kirkuk falls to coalition forces in the 'Iragi Freedom' conflict. Kurdish 'peshmurga' supporting the coalition are soon replaced by US army forces inside the city -- to allay Turkish concerns of Kurdish 'ambitions' in the region.

    In the news: 30 August 2003, There have been deadly ethnic clashes between Turcoman and Kurdish factions recently -- after Kurds destroyed a resurrected Turcoman monument. Not to be outdone, the Shiite Muslim faction got into the act yesterday during Holy Friday prayers -- when 5,000 more of them than usual showed up at the Hüseyn Mosque, Kirkuk's largest. The 5,000 had been summoned by Shiite leaders from various Iraqi cities to give a menacing warning to American forces (who they blamed for showing favoritism to the Kurds) and to the Kurds, themselves. In the Imam's sermon to the believers he said, "Kirkuk is not in Kurdistan, it is in Iraq. Mehdi's Army is ready to die." (Mehdi is the twelfth Iman of the Shiites who is expected to return in due time to purify Islam and to deliver the faithful.) The 'Mehdi Army' slogan was picked up and chanted by the congregation which had overflowed onto the streets -- and several handgun-shots were fired into the air. But after the Imam calmed emotions and warned followers not to march, they left the mosque environs without incident -- and the 5,000 'extras' returned to the cities they'd come from.118

    keskin nişancı [a] sniper, sharpshooter, dead shot, marksman
    The now-convicted
    'Beltway Snipers'

    Turkish newspaper dictionary -- snipers
    17-year-old illegal immigrant John Lee Malvo and 41-year-old Nation of Islam member John Allen Muhammad -- now formally charged with ten random sniper-murders in the vicinity of the Washington, D.C. Beltway
    during three horrific weeks
    in October 2002.
    [Reportedly, Muhammad provided 'security' for the Million Man March
    in 1995.]
    keşifreconnaissance 
    KeşmirKashmir,
    the southern section of the state of Jammu and Kashmir
    Jammu and Kashmir is a state in northwestern India that is part of a larger region of the same name that has been in dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since the partition of India in 1947. The Indian administered portion (Kashmir) is bounded on the west and north by the Pakistani administered portion (Jammu), on the northeast by the Chinese-held portion of Jammu and Kashmir, and on the southeast and south by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. Kashmir occupies the southern half of Jammu and Kashmir and holds three-quarters of the region's population and the majority of its arable land. Its summer capital is Srinagar, and its winter capital is Jammu.66

    In the News: 2 October 2001, terriost suicide bomber attacks state assembly building killing at least 35 people.

    In the News: 16 October 2001, India shells Pakastani positions -- one civilian dead, twenty-five wounded.

    Kıbrıs (Kıbrıslı)Cyprus (a Cypriot)Kıbrıs Rum kesimi;
    Greek portion of Cyprus
    See also KKTC and GKRY.


    Map of
    divided Cyprus
    in Turkish

    Turkish newspaper dictionary -- map of Cyprus
    Left click for image enlargement.
    Kırgızistan (Kırgız, Kırgızca) [the] Republic of Kyrgyzstan or Kirghizstan (a Kyrgyz or Kirghiz person/thing, the Kyrgyz or Kirghiz language) 
    Kırım (Kırımlı)Crimea (a Crimean person/thing)Also see
    further information on CD.
    kırmızı bereliler[the] 'red' beretsHighly-trained British paratoopers...
    kısır döngü
  • an unproductive vicious circle
  • ineffective circular reasoning
  •  
    kıta
    continentAvrupa Kıtası, the European Continent
    Amerika Kıtası, the American Continent
    Afrika Kıtası, the African Continent
    Kızıldeniz
    [the] Red Sea 
    KızılaySimilar to the 'Red Cross' charitable organization, but serves in Muslim countries... 
    Kızılhaç[the] 'Red Cross' charitable organization 
    kızılötesi sensörinfra-red sensor 
    kimlikidentification card 
    kimya fabrikası [a] chemical factory 
    kimyasal silahlar chemical weapons 
    kişi başınaper person, per capitakişi başına gelir; per capita income
    kitle imha silahları weapons of mass destruction 
    Kitabı mukaddes [the] BibleAlso see İncil.
    KKTC
    [Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti]
    Northern Cyprus Turkish Republic
    [which is under Turkish influence]
    In April 2005, Rauf Denktaş relinquished his long hold on the KKTC's Presidency. He was replaced by Mehmet Ali Talat.
    Also see GKRY.
    Click below for map of
    divided Cyprus
    .
    koalisyon[a] coalitionkoalisyon güçleri; coalition forces
    koalisyon birlikleri; coalition forces
    Kodori GeçidiThe Kodori Pass
    [in Abkhazia]
     
    kolordu army corps 
    Komünizm Dağı
    Communism Peak...located in the former SSCB. Though Communism Peak is not as formidable as Mount Everest, it is still one of the world's 10 highest mountain peaks -- at 24,590 feet (7,495 meters). First ascended in 1933 by the Soviet Mountain Climber, Abalakov...Continue Reading "Turkish mountain climbers set to ascend Mount Everest"...»
    Konfiçyüs/Konfüçyüs Confucius 
    konuşulan diller...languages that are spoken... 
    KopenhagCopenhagen
    [capital city of Denmark]
     
    Kore (Kore, Korece)Korea (a Korean person/thing, the Korean language)A finalist country for the 2002 Football/Soccer World Cup tournament...
    KorsikaCorsica
    ...an island in the Mediterranean Sea belonging to France -- embracing (from 1976) two départements of France, Haute-Corse and Corse-du-Sud. It is the fourth largest island (after Sicily, Sardinia, and Cyprus) in the Mediterranean Sea and lies 105 miles (170 km) from southern France and 56 miles (90 km) from northwestern Italy -- separated from Sardinia by the 7-mile (11-kilometre) Strait of Bonifacio.66
    Kosta Rika or Kostarika (Kosta Rikalı, İspanyolca)Costa Rica (a Costa Rican person/thing, the language of Costa Rica [Spanish])A finalist country for the 2002 Football/Soccer World Cup tournament...
    Kovan Harekatı
    (Kovan Operasyonu)
    Operation Swarmer
    Launched 16 March 2006, it is the largest military action in Iraq since the beginning of the 2003 War. Its avowed purpose is to quash insurgent plans to commence full-scale Civil War. The Turkish newspapers have translated the phase Operation Swarmer as Kovan Harekatı (Operation Beehive) because the closest accurate translation for 'swarm' in Turkish is too long for newspaper headlines (ie. Kovandan Çıkan Arılar Harekatı; [Operation of Bees That Come Out From A Hive] doesn't suit a Turkish newspaper headline).
    kök hücre çalışması
    or
    kök hücre araştırması
    'stem cell' research 
    KölnCologne [Germany] 
    körfez
    bay, gulf, inlet 
    Körfez Savaşı
    [the First] Gulf War of 1991aka 'Operation Desert Storm'...
    See also II.Körfez Savaşı...
    köşe yazı(lar) columnist(s); newspaper columnist(s); newspaper writer(s) who have their own written-columns for regularly expressing personal views about news subjects of their choosing PM Erdoğan berates news columnistsIn the News: Secular newspaper columnists have been having a field day with Prime Minister Erdoğan lately over the alleged misconduct of his Maliye Bakanı Kemal Unakitan. (Writers for the religious-right press have been generally supportive of the PM, this time around...That's because, several months ago, when one of their own forgot himself and roundly criticized the PM in print, the writer found himself unemployed -- after the PM complained bitterly about being stabbed in the back by a member of 'his' own media.) So these days the PM is striking back against the 'disloyal' band of secular writers (who count Emin Çolaşan among their bravest spokespersons), proclaiming that these opinionated columnists (not the PM's policies) are at the root of the country's problems. He's even declared that these writers present a more formidable opposition to his plans than does the legally-recognized opposition party, the CHP. And he added that the CHP [which continues to be led (albeit ineptly) by Deniz Baykal] may as well throw in the towel, because it is doomed to being perpetually in opposition. Gözcü Gazetesi, 15 March 2006 (See photo-article at left.)
    Köşk[the Turkish] "White House"...term used to represent the Turkish Presidency
    ...or the building complex where the
    Turkish Cumhurbaşkanı lives and works...
    aka Çankaya köşk [Çankaya is the residential and business section of the Turkish capital city (Ankara) where the Turkish President's residence is located]
    also see "Beyaz Saray"
    kral, kraliçeking, queenÜrdün Kralı Abdullah;
    [the] Jordan King Abdullah
    or
    Kral Abdullah; King Abdullah
    kraliyet royalKraliyet Hava Küvvetleri;
    [the British] Royal Air Force
    kronoloji chronology 
    kruvazörcruiser (warship) 
    KudüsJerusalem

    Map of the
    Jerusalem
    in Turkish

    Turkish newspaper dictionary -- map of Jerusalem
    Left click for image enlargement.
    Kuetta [or Keta]Quetta [Pakistan] 
    kumanda ve kontrol merkezicommand and control center 
    Kuran
    Also seen as Kur'an-ı Kerim
    [the] KoranAlso seen in English as Qur'an.
    Kur'an Kursu Yönetmeliği Koran Course Regulations
    At present (2003), the AKP religious-right majority party in Turkey is seeking ways to ease regulations governing Koran Schools (whose 'declared' purpose is to promote sight memorization of Arabic versions of the Holy Koran). It's not hard to guess that their broader and true purpose is to start indoctrination of Turkish children in the practice of fundamental Islam at the earliest possible age.
    In the news: 10 December 2003...The President of the Turkish Republic (Necdet Sezer) today quashed AKP plans to ease Koran Course regulations. See the complete story at:
    Diyanet İsleri Bakanlığı.

    Sight memorizing Arabic
    in Koran School...

    to what end?


    Left click for image enlargement,
    photo-article translation,
    and comment.
    Kurban Bayramı [An Islamic Festival named the] Feast of the Sacrifice, the Greater Bairam ...is one of the two most important of the Islamic Festival/Holidays -- the other being Ramazan (Ramadan). It's a multi-day public holiday in Turkey -- during which most banks, business and government offices are closed. In 2005 and 2006, it falls in January -- affecting travel and business plans between 20-26 in 2005 and between 9-15 in 2006.The festival commemorates the Biblical and Koranic story of the faithful Abraham and his near-sacrifice (at God's command) of Abraham's only male progeny, Isaac. At the last moment (after Abraham had made all the sacrificial preparations) God spared Isaac, taking in his place a ram. In accordance with that tradition, there are a lot of sheep sacrificed publically in Turkey during the holiday period -- usually on the morning of the first day. A big meal is prepared, friends and family come to feast, and the leftover meat and the hide are given to charity. Note: The tradition of public sacrifice of sheep may itself be sacrificed if Turkey every joins the EU, whose members generally frown on such practices -- no matter what the historical-cultural basis.
    Click following to see:
    Kurban Bayramı in the Ottoman Empire Encyclopedia.
    Kurtuluş Savaşı [the] Turkish War of Independence...took place during 1918-1922. Was fought against the Allied forces of Greece, Britain, France and Italy. Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) was the vitorious Turkish commander.
    Kuş GribiBird FluSee article at:
    atın ölümü arpadan olsun.
    kuşatma[a] siege 
    Kutsal-Roma İmparatorluğu The Holy Roman Empire...lands in western and central Europe ruled first by French and then by German kings for 10 centuries, between Charlemagne's coronation in 800 until the imperial title was abandoned entirely in 1806. The empire and the vatican were the two principal institutions of western Europe during the Middle Ages.66
    kutup, kutuplar
    pole, polar regions 
    Kuveyt (Kuveytli, Arapça)
    Kuwait (a Kuwati person/thing, the language of Kuwait [Arabic]) 
    Kuzey Africa
    North Africa 
    [Afgan] Kuzey İttifakı
    [the Afghan] Northern AllianceAn anti-Taliban military alliance...
    Kuzey KoreNorth Korea

    Map of North Korea
    and environs
    in Turkish

    Left click to view image enlargement.
    Kuzey Kutbu
    North Pole [the center of the Arctic region] 
    Küba (Kübalı, İspanyolca)Cuba (Cuban, the language of Cuba [Spanish]) 
    Kürt (Kürtçe)[a] Kurd,
    [a] Kurdish [person/thing],
    (the Kurdish language)
    ...an historically-controversial 'minority' ethnic-group with substantial population centers in Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Russia, Syria, and Turkey -- described as 'a quarrelsome mountain people' by Time Magazine in their lead article from the early 1990's.
    Küresel IsınmaLearn Practical Turkish Language color iconGlobal Warming
    Click for enlargement!
    Global Warming Cartoon

    What's wrong, Orhan the Bear?
    You can't sleep either?

    No, it's not that.
    I'm worried about 'Global Warming'.

    Thanks to:
    Hürriyet Gazetesi
    20 March 2007
    kuruş The kuruş monetary unit has had a long history of use (going back to Ottoman times) but due to high Turkish inflation rates during the 1980's and 1990's it became worthless -- and fell out of existence. It was reintroduced at the time of the New Turkish Lira revision in 2005.  

    Related Pages:
  • Turkish Newsreaders Encyclopedic Dictionary, Index
  • Ottoman Empire Encyclopedia, Index
  • Turkish Culture -- Two Turkish traditions we especially like
  • Turkish Culture -- 4 things you shouldn't do in Turkey
  • Turkish Culture -- 5 things you should do in Turkey
  • Turkish Superstitions
  • Famous Femmes of Modern Turkish History
  • Actress Suzan Avcı -- Born To Be Bad
  • Circumcision and what many Turks believe about Westerners
  • Turkish Movies, Index
  • Turkish Movies - Best-Looking Bad Girl of the 1970s, Sevda Ferdağ
  • Bad Girls of the 1970s Turkish Cinema, Aliye Rona
  • Best and Worst Turkish Movies - with a religious theme (Dini Motifli Filmler)
  • Sultry Aynur Aydan - The Woman Who Brought Down The Minister

  • Also:
  • Turkish National Election, 2007
  • Movie Superhero Tarkan, historic and erotik
  • Mature Dutch Bride in Turkey
  • Mature British Bride in Turkey
  • Mature Swedish Bride in Turkey
  • TIME laid low by True Believers
  • Freedom of Speech gets a fiendish French Twist
  • The God-Awful State of Turkish-American Relations
  • Language-Learning Related Pages:
  • Why off-color language is important too...
  • Translating Turkish, the basics
  • Essential Turkish Vocabulary
  • Turkish Verbs
  • Essential Idioms, Index
  • Essential Suffixes, Index
  • Sentence Structure, Standard
  • Turkish Pronunciation
  • Turkish Accenting
  • Turkish Numbers Revealed
  • Other Turkish Difficulties
  • Learn Turkish language

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