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Turkish Newspaper Readers
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World regions, bodies of water, land masses,
mountain ranges, countries, cities, nationalities and languages --
plus notable persons, places, and things
from current events and modern history, politics, art, law, business, etc.
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Examples, supplements, and explanations
|Calalabad or Celalabat||Jalalabad [Afghanistan]||Formerly Jalalkot, capital of Nangarhar velayat (province), eastern Afghanistan, on the Kabul River. It lies on the route from Kabul, the Afghan capital, via the Khyber Pass to Peshawar, Pakistan, and handles much of Afghanistan's trade with Pakistan and India. The town stands at an important strategic position, commanding the entrances to the Laghman and Konar (Kunar) valleys. It is a military centre, with an airfield.66|
|canlı kalkanı||human shield|
casus uydusu; spy satellite
casus uçağı; spy plane
|Cebrial||[the arch-angel] Gabrial||In Judaism and Christianity... |
he was the heavenly messenger sent to Daniel, Zechariah, and the Virgin Mary -- to make predictions and announcements. At one place in the Bible, the 'four great archangels' are named as Michael, Uriel, Raphael, and Gabriel. In Islam...both Gabriel's name and his functions were taken over from Judaeo-Christian tradition. His name is mentioned in the Koran only three times, but various epithets in that scripture are widely recognized as referring to him.119 On Kadir Gecesi, angels led by Gabriel descend from heaven and, with Allah's permission, they do all manner of good works for man. And until dawn there is peace on earth.91
|Cemmu||Jammu||Also see entry at Keşmir.|
|cemre||augmentations in warmth (associated with the first breath of Spring) that are supposed to emanate from the Sun. According to folklore belief, the warmth flows successively, first into the air (havaya), then the water (suya), then the land (toprağa) -- during 3 days in February/March. For example, in 2006 the first cemre was marked on 20 February, the 2nd on 28 February, and the 3rd on 5 March.||The celebration of the 3 cemre days in Turkey is loosely akin to the observance of Pauxatawny Phil on Groundhog's Day in Pauxatawny, Pa.|
See following illustrative cartoon.
Office Party at Cemre Time!
Left click for image enlargement
[a major international city of business, banking, and commerce in Switzerland]
|Cenk Kalesi||Qala-e-Jhangi Fort|
|In the news: November-December 2001 -- |
mostly-foreign Taliban prisoners rebelled at
(Ceneviz or Cenovalı)
[a port city in Italy]
(a Genovese person/thing)
|Ceyhun||...is a river in central and west Asia -- from Pamir plateau to the Aral Sea; about 1,578 miles long; rises in lakes and mountains of high Pamirs in two headstreams: Vakhsh and Pandj; flows NW down Hindu Kush slope, forming the boundary between Tajikistan and NE Afghanistan. In the mid-19th Century came to be recognized as the boundary between Russia and Afghanistan. Was a site (at Bactria and Sogdiana) for campaigns of Alexander the Great in 329-327 BC.50|
|Cezayir (Cezayirli, Arapça)||Algeria (Algerian, the language of Algeria [Arabic]) also |
the city of Algiers, of Algiers
|CHP||See Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi...|
[also spelled Jidda, Jeddah, or Juddah]
|A port city in the central Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia. It lies along the Red Sea west of Mecca. The principal importance of Jiddah in history is that it was the site where the majority of Muslim pilgrims landed who were journeying to the holy cities of Mecca and Medina.66
In the News:
|Ciğ Operasyonu||Operation Avalanche||...is the name given to the military operation launched by Israeli forces against Palestinian territory after 3 Hamas suicide bombers and a car bomb rocked Israeli civilian centers -- within a 12 hour period on 3-4 December 2001.|
|cihad or cihat||jihad|
[Islamic] holy struggle/war
|See illustration below.|
Turkish Muslim radicals
devoted to democracy because...
'If it weren't for democracy,
how could we so freely declare holy war against it?'
Left click to view image enlargement...
Ergin Asyalı, Political Cartoonist
-- murders and executions --
A Turkish columnist 'vents'
from New York...
CD Only - left click for image enlargement
In Turkey - Türkiye'de
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In Turkey - Türkiye'de
|cinayet oranı; murder rate|
The moronic 'West Wing' episode... Hürriyet Newspaper's popular and well-respected New York based foreign correspondent, Doğan Uluç, slammed Hollywood (and Americans in general for their morbid fixation with murder and state execution) after Turkey was portrayed negatively in an episode of 'West Wing' on American TV. According to Uluç's editorial (seen at left), the 'West Wing' episode included the story of a young Turkish woman -- who was executed (by decapitation, no less) in Turkey for having pre-marital sex with her fiancé. (Note: We've seen quite a few episodes of the 'West Wing' series -- which had enjoyed a good run on Turkish television here, until it was axed
1994 Interpol world-city
|Cizvit||Jesuit||cizvit tarikatı; Jesuit order|
The plural is coniler.
'Johnny' -- the word is used to refer to an American male or an American soldier (male or female).
|In the news: 14 August 2003, When the Turkish confectionary firm Ülker introduced 'Cola Turka' earlier this year for its domestic market, it was accompanied in Turkey by a series of popular television commercials featuring American comedian Chevy Chase. The popularity of the commercials has resulted in brisk early sales for the product -- which has, in turn, encouraged rapid market expansion into the Middle East. As the photo-article at left attests, Cola Turka has reached American soldiers in Iraq and they give it an initial 'thumbs up'.|
|Cumhurbaşkanı ||President [of a republic]|
In Turkey - Türkiye'de
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|Necdet Sezer was the Turkish Republic President during 2001-2007. His term ran out in May 2007.|
Rubber-ataming Gül,,,Over secularlist objections, Abdullah Gül (the then-religious-right candidate, who is on record as being an advocate of Shari'ah) became President in 2007 -- and since then he has rubber-stamped every piece to religious-right legislation that the religious-right dominated parliament has sent his way. Say good-bye, secular Turkey, say good-bye...
|cumhuriyet (Cumhuriyetci) ||[a] republic |
(a member of the [American] Republican Party)
|Cumhuriyet Muhafızları; [Iraqi] Republican Guards|
|Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi|
The CHP was founded in the 1920's and led by Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) until his death in 1938 and by
|The 'Popular Democratic Party'|
[Turkish political party usually referred to by its CHP acronym]
|[Prepared 13 October 2001...]|
At the last national-election, the CHP was unable to achieve the required 10% vote-count and, therefore, is not currently represented in the Turkish parliament. But the party leader (see following) has been mending fences in the past couple of years
Deniz Baykal -- the CHP party leader in
Updated 20 February 2004
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