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Turkish Language
Adjective Heaven
or hell?

Part 2

Overflowing Nouns-helpers...

Language-learning pages:
  • How To Learn Basic Turkish --
    A Practical Philosophy for beginners

    (Found in the 'Introduction to The Whole Earth Catalog of Turkish Movies'.)
  • Why Off-color language is important too...
  • Translating Turkish, the basics
  • Translating Turkish, advanced
  • Essential Turkish Vocabulary
  • Turkish Verbs
  • Essential Idioms, Index
  • Essential Suffixes, Index
  • Sentence Structure, Standard
  • Sentence Structure Variations
  • Turkish Pronunciation
  • Turkish Accenting
  • Turkish Numbers Revealed
  • Other Turkish Language Difficulties
  • Learn Turkish language

    Back: Turkish Adjective Heaven - Part 1

    Diminutive Adjectives

    If you want to tone down an adjective so that it's meaning is less intense, then you'll revert to appending a suffix to it.
    (Oh, well. It was nice while it lasted, wasn't it?)

    For example, if you want to diminish the intensity of meaning expressed by the adjective pahalı (expensive), then you add the suffix -ca to make pahalıca (somewhat expensive).

    Diminutive Adjectives with -ca (-ce) suffixes

    Ordinary adjective Diminished Example English meaning
    güzel
    (pretty)
    güzelce güzelce bir resim

    a fairly pretty picture

    temiz
    (clean)
    temizce temizce bir gömlek

    a rather clean shirt

    yeşil
    (green)
    yeşilce yeşilce bir gölcük

    a greenish pond


    Sample sentences...
    Meryl Streep güzelce bir kadındır.
    Meryl Streep is a fairly good looking woman.

    Dün gece gittiğimiz striptiz pahalıca, değil mi?
    The striptease show we went to last night was somewhat expensive,
    wasn't it?

    Benjamin temizce şakalar söyler -- annesinin önünde!
    Benjamin tells rather clean jokes -- in front of his mother!

    Ekmekte yeşilce noktalar hoş değildir.
    The greenish mold on the bread is unappetizing.


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    Diminutive Adjectives
    with -cik (-cık, cük, cuk) suffixes
    Ordinary adjective Diminished Example English meaning
    ufak
    (small)
    ufacık ufacık bungalov

    a rather small bungalow

    bir
    (one)
    biricik biricik firsat

    a one-of-a-kind opportunity

    küçük
    (little)
    küçücük küçücük böcek

    a tiny insect

    yavru
    (young animal, child)
    yavrucuk yavrucuk
    (You're not seeing things. By adding the suffix -cuk, we've constructed a diminutive noun -- which stands alone.)

    a sweet little thing, a sweet little darling


    Sample sentences...
    Ufacık bir kanyağı
    şiddetli bir baş ağrısına tercih ederim.

    I'd rather have a very small cognac than a very strong headache.

    Sen benim biricik yaşlı enayimsin.
    You are my one and only old fool.
    (An old fool is unique.)

    O küçücük çocuk at gibi yer!
    That wee child eats like a horse!

    Hypatianın buruncuğu en iyi özelliği.
    Hypatia's cute little nose is her best feature.


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    Diminutive Adjectives with
    -msı (-ımsı, -imsi, -umsu) suffixes
    Note: Diminutive adjective suffixes shown in this panel and the
    next panel are used sparingly in Turkish.
    Furthermore, they are mostly used for adjectives of
    color and taste...
    Ordinary adjective Diminished Example English meaning
    sarı
    (yellow, blond)
    sarımsı sarımsı yazma

    a yellowed manuscript

    ağır
    (heavy)
    ağırımsı ağırımsı karar

    a rather heavy decision

    yeşil
    (green)
    yeşilimsi yeşilimsi gecelik

    a greenish nightgown

    mor
    (purple)
    morumsu morumsu çiçekler

    purplish flowers


    Sample sentences...

    Sarımsı saçlı bomba şova ilk cıkışta üstün başarı sağladı.
    The blondish bombshell made a big hit at the show's opening.

    O ağırımsı bir yük değil, o benim kardeşim.
    That's not a heavyish load, that's my brother.

    Smith'ler Jones'ları kıskanmaktan yeşilimsi oldu.
    The Smiths are a little green with envy of the Joneses.

    Holyfield'in dövüşden dolayı hala bir morumsu gözü var.
    He still has a purplish eye because of the beating he took from Holyfield.


    G.L. Lewis points out an interesting variation that belongs to this categorey of diminutive adjective suffixes. He indicates that for some nouns and adjectives (ending in consonants), you may attach the shortened suffix '-si' (-sı, -sü, -su)
    to form the diminutive adjective.
    So, for example, you can attach the shortened suffix for,
    erkek male, erkeksi mannish; çocuk child, çocuksu childish.

    That last bit of info isn't much help, Marvin...How'm I supposed to
    know which words do take the 'shortened' suffix -- and which don't?

    I dunno, Mabel.
    Well... Maybe it doesn't matter that much..? Whaddya think?
    Problee mebbe. Mebbe problee.
    You've had better days, Marvin...
    mebbe...
    problee.

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    Diminutive Adjectives with
    -mtırak (-ımtırak, -imtırak, -umtırak) suffixes
    Note: Diminutive adjective suffixes shown in this panel and the
    former panel are used sparingly in Turkish.
    Furthermore, they are mostly used for adjectives of
    color and taste...
    Ordinary adjective Diminished Example English meaning
    ekşi
    (sour, tart, acidic)
    ekşimtırak ekşimtırak çilek

    a sourish strawberry

    beyaz
    (white)
    beyazımtırak beyazımtırak plastik

    a whitish plastic

    acayip
    (strange, peculiar)
    acayibimtırak acayibimtırak öneri

    a rather strange suggestion

    buruşuk
    (wrinkled, rumpled)
    buruşumtırak buruşumtırak giysiler

    somewhat wrinkled clothing


    Sample sentences...

    O sütü içmeyin! Ekşimtırak.
    Don't drink that milk! It's a bit sour.

    Yaşlı adamın beyazımtırak saçı güzide görünüyor.
    The old man's whitish hair looks distinguished.

    Barnaby'nin olayların gülünç yönünü görme yeteneği acayibimtırak[tır].
    Barnaby has a rather peculiar sense of humor.

    Kevin sudan çıktığında, cildi buruşumtıraktı.
    When Kevin got out of the water, his skin was a bit wrinkled.


    Note:
    Adjectives related to colors or tastes can take the diminutive endings either from this panel or the former panel. So, either yeşilimsi kumaş or yeşilimtırak kumaş is correct. And they both mean greenish material.


    Back: Turkish Adjective Heaven - Part 1

    Language-learning pages:
  • How To Learn Basic Turkish --
    A Practical Philosophy for beginners

    (Found in the 'Introduction to The Whole Earth Catalog of Turkish Movies'.)
  • Why Off-color language is important too...
  • Translating Turkish, the basics
  • Translating Turkish, advanced
  • Essential Turkish Vocabulary
  • Turkish Verbs
  • Essential Idioms, Index
  • Essential Suffixes, Index
  • Sentence Structure, Standard
  • Sentence Structure Variations
  • Turkish Pronunciation
  • Turkish Accenting
  • Turkish Numbers Revealed
  • Other Turkish Language Difficulties
  • Unrelated fun:
  • Frequently asked questions about Turkey and the Turkish language
  • llustrated Nargile Users Guide -- and Encyclopedia
  • Our Honda Generator -- A Member of the Family
  • Habibullah and The Great Cannon Caper
  • Turkish Tongue Twisters
  • Turkish Belly Dancers
  • Turkish Tango, Dance the Romance
  • Turkish Terms Of Endearment
  • Turkish Personal Names
  • Politically Incorrect Turkish Humor
  • Why Off-Color Turkish is important too
  • Gossipy Turkish Who's Who
  • Turkish Kinsey Report #6 - Turkish Turn-Ons
  • Turkish Kinsey Report #1 - Turkey opens up about its seks
  • Turkish Kinsey Report #2 - Did they hear it through the grapevine?
  • Turkish Kinsey Report #3 - Was it good for you?
  • Turkish Kinsey Report #4 - The first time, by age group...
  • Turkish Kinsey Report #5 - Who's gotta have it? He? Or she?
  • Hülya Avşar -- in a league of her own
  • Translating Danielle Steele
  • Learn Turkish language

    Thanks to Mehmet Hengirmen
    for some of the ideas that appear on this page...

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