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Also Related Pages:
  • Translating Turkish, the basics
  • Conjunction Celebration
  • Turkish Verbs
  • Essential Idioms, Index
  • Essential Suffixes, Index
  • Sentence Structure, Standard
  • Turkish Pronunciation
  • Turkish Accenting
  • Turkish Numbers Revealed
  • NewsReaders' Dictionary, Index
  • Türkçe -- İngilizce Sözlük
    (Turkish -- English Dictionary)
    CD owners enjoy
    complete and direct linking
    throughout all the '700 Club' Pages.
    Site visitors may navigate using the
    '700 Club' Index Page
    [A] [B] [C] [Ç] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [İ] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [Ö] [P] [R] [S] [Ş]
    [T] [U] [Ü] [V] [Y] [Z]

    [Index]
    Turkish
    English
    Examples, supplements, and explanations
    İ (~37 entries)  
    -i/-ü/-ı/-u
    [or by -yi/yü/yı/yu after a vowel].
    Suffix used to denote the Direct Object Case of a noun (sometimes called the Accusative Case ending).Examples --
    1) Klavseni çaldım. I played the harpsichord.
    2) Adaleyi incitti. She pulled the muscle.
    3) Antika onarma sever. He likes repairing antiques.
    4) Türk ekmeği sever. He loves Turkish bread.
    iadea returning, a sending backiadeli taahhütlü, registered mail -- return receipt requested
    iç, iç taraf, içinde, iç kısmındainside
    • Tavşan şapkanın içindedir. There's a rabbit in the hat.
    • içinden, through
    • içine, into
    içinfor 
    içmekto drink, to smoke
    • Patricia akşam yemeği ile rakı içmeği sever. Patricia likes to drink Rakı with dinner.
    • içecek, a drink (general)
    • içki, a drink (often alcoholic)
    • sigara içmek, to smoke a cigarette
    idaremanagementidare etmek, to manage
    idim, idin, idi, idik, idiniz, idiler

    Click following to learn more about the so-called Turkish verb 'to be'.

    These words ['idim', etc.] are used standing-alone to indicate the past tense of the verb 'to be' -- I was, you were, he was, we were, you were, they were.
    Example:
    İzmir'de idim.
    I was in Izmir.
    See also,
    verb to be --
    present tense.
    These words may be 'attached' as suffixes to preceding words (such as nouns, noun phrases, etc.) -- without affecting the meaning of the sentences in which they occur. In fact, it's quite normal to make such 'attachments' in everyday communications -- as long as you also make certain necessary spelling and pronunciation adjustments, e.g., Soğuk idi and Soğuktu It was cold -- are exactly equivalent in meaning.

    In the 'suffixed' example above, when such a preceding word ends in a consonant (in this case, the adjective soğuk; cold), you must drop the first i-letter [of idi] and also apply certain rules about word-joining and vowel harmony. That is, when you 'attach' idi to such a preceding word, not only must you drop the i-letter, but you must also change the d-letter to a t-letter [whenever the preceding word ends in ç, f, h, k, p, s, ş, or t] -- and you must also adjust the suffix-spelling to adhere to the vowel harmony rule!
    Example: Kıskanç idi and Kıskançtı She was jealous -- are equivalent.
    [Note in the 'suffixed' example that the first i-letter of idi was dropped, that the d-letter was changed to a t-letter (to accomodate word-joining needs), and that the final vowel was changed from a dotted i-letter to an undotted i-letter, according to vowel harmony requirements...]

    When the preceding word ends in a vowel, you replace the first i-letter [of idim, etc.] with a y-letter -- but, apart from that, you need only be concerned with vowel harmony requirements.
    Example: Sorumlu idiniz and Sorumluydunuz You were responsible -- are exactly equivalent.
    (Note in the 'suffixed' example that the first i-letter of idiniz was replaced by the y-letter and that the final vowels changed from dotted i-letters to undotted u-letters...)


    Another 'suffixed' example:
    Dadaruh, babamın seyisiydi, yaşlı bir adamdı.
    (from Kaşağı [The Grooming Comb] by Ömer Seyfettin)

    Dadaruh was my father's stableman, he was an old man.
    Equivalent 'unsuffixed' example:
    Dadaruh, babamın seyisi idi, yaşlı bir adam idi.
    Dadaruh was my father's stableman, he was an old man.
    iflasbankruptcyiflas etmek, to go bankrupt
    İflas mı ettik? Are we broke?
    ihraçexporting, exportationihraç etmek, to export
    ihraç malı, exported goods
    ihtimalprobable, possiblebüyük ihtimal, in all likelihood, in all probability
    ihtiyaçneed, necessityOna ihtiyacım var, I need it.
    Ona ihtiyacın var, You need it.
    Ona ihtiyacı var, He/she/it needs it.
    etc.
    ikenSee -ken... 
    ilavean addition, a supplement 
    ile
    -le, -la
    1. with
    2. and
    3. by

    Also see entry on Conjunctions page.

    1. Mabel, Marvin'le geldi. Mabel came with Marvin.
    2. Marvin'le Mabel saat ikide geldiler. Marvin and Mabel came at two o'clock.
    3. Trenle gelemediler. They couldn't come by train.
    iletişimcommunication 
    (ile) ilgi(an) interest, a relation, a relevance
    • ilginç, interesting
    • ilgilenmek, to be interested in
    • ile [-le] ilgili, relating to, pertaining to, interested in; Arnold bu sene edebiyat ile ilgili bir kurs alıyor. Arnold is taking a course in literature this year.
    • ilgili, relevant; ilgili evraklar, the relevant documents
    • ilgili, interested, involved; ilgili kişiler, those concerned, the interested parties [persons]
    ilim(the) science (of) 
    -(y)im, -sin, -dir, -(y)iz, -siniz, -dirler
    and their spelling variations, e.g.,
    -(y)ım, -(y)um, -(y)üm, etc....
    Suffixes meaning "I am, you are, etc.", that form the present tense verb 'to be' in Turkish...
    See also,
    verb to be --
    past tense
    .
    Öğrenciyim. I'm a student.
    Acayipsin. You're so coool.
    O tuhaftır. He is strange.
    Mutluyuz. We are happy
    Naziksiniz. You all are nice. Beceriklidirler. They are skillful.
    Click following to see further examples -- including the interrogative, the negative, and the negative interrogative 'verb to be', in the present tense.
    imkanpossibility, opportunityimkan vermek, to give (someone) a chance, to give (someone) an opportunity
    imkansız, impossible
    İmkan yok! No way!
    imala manufactured productimal etmek, to manufacture
    imamIslamic cleric 
    İmdat!Help! Mayday! SOS! 
    -(n)in/-(n)ün/-(n)ın,-(n)un Suffix used to denote the Possessive Case of a word.yol; road
    yolun; of the road, the road's
    inançbeliefinanmak, to believe
    inanılmaz, unbelievable, incredible
    incethin 
    inmekto get off or to land
    (an airplane, for example)
    Öğrenciler gelecek durakta otobüsten iner. Students get off the bus at the next stop.
    insanpersoninsanlar, people
    inşaconstructioninşa etmek, to build, construct
    inşaat, a building under construction
    İnşallah...God willing, hopefully, I hope so... 
    -ip, -ıp, -üp, -up
    In older texts (translated from Arabic script) the above suffixes may appear, for example, as: -üben, -übeni, and -übenün (and spelling variations). And the suffix -üp (and spelling variations) may appear in older translated texts without adherance to the Rule of Vowel Harmony.131
    This verbal suffix, meaning and, is used when two (or more) verbs relate to each other in the same sentence. Observe and compare sentences in right-hand column.
    • Discoya gidip bütün gece dans ettik. We went to the disco and we danced all night.
    • Discoya gidip bütün gece dans etmedik. We went to the disco and we didn't dance all night.
    • Discoya gitmeyip bütün gece dans ettik. We didn't go to the disco and we danced all night.
    • Discoya gitmeyip bütün gece dans etmedik. We didn't go to the disco and we didn't dance all night.
    • Multi-use of -ip in the same sentence is discouraged, except in idiomatic phrases like:
      • Carrie ölüp ölüp dirildi. Carrie finally got well after being at death's door several times.
      • Ne yapıp yapıp bu işi başarmalı. By hook or by crook, this effort must succeed.
    • Many other idioms
      make use of -ip, such as:
      • everip çevirip -- to turn something over and over, to inspect (something) carefully
      • bağırıp çağırmak -- to rant and rave, carry on
      • sövüp saymak -- to swear a blue streak
      • durup dururken -- suddenly, without provocation, when there was no need for it
    • Click to see more ways to say 'and'...
    iptal etmekto cancel, to annul 
    -ir-
    [-ır-, -ur-,
    -ür-]
    A verbal suffix that denotes a 'wide' (aorist) tense, e.g., Simple (Aorist) 'Wide' Tense -- Gelirim I come.Access complete 'Wide Tense' examples from
    the Gelmek, to come
    Conjugations Index-page.
    ise
    [this is the standalone version of the suffix -se]
    if, as for
    • öyle ise, if that's the case
    • Mary ise John ile beraber Phyliss'yi tutuyor. As for Mary, she along with John are supporting Phyliss. After H.E Adıvar, Seviye Talib
    isteka wish, a desireistemek, to wish for, to want, to ask for
    istifaa resignationistifa etmek, to resign (from a position)
    -iş, -ış, -uş, -üş [or -yiş, -yış, -yuş, -yüş after a vowel.]The Category 1 Verbal Noun suffix that, among other things, may denote the manner or way an action is done. 
    work, job, businessOnlar iş hakkında konuşuyorlar. They're discussing business.
    işçi, worker
    işsiz, unemployed
    işsizlik, unemployment
    işareta sign, mark, signal 
    işitmekto hear 
    İşte!Look!
    Look at this!
    Here it is!
    See illustrative example
    in the following panel below...

    Look! It's the Simpsons!

    Complaining that their compensation package ain't fair...


    Left click for image enlargement
    and legibility.

    ithalan import, imported goods 
    itibarenbeginning from, from now on
    • pazartesiden itibaren her gün, every day, starting from Monday
    • itibariyle, from the point of view of, as regards, as of
    itirafconfessionitiraf etmek, to confess
    itirazobjectionitiraz etmek, to object
    iyigood, welliyi ki, fortunately, luckily
    iyileşmek, to get better
    iyileştirmek, to make better
    iyilik, a favor/favour
    iyice, pretty good, rather well
    iyimser optimistic, optimist
    İyiyim. I'm well/fine. [It's the usual response to Nasılsın(ız)? How are you?]
    İyi değlim. I'm not well/fine. [The negative response to Nasılsın(ız)? How are you?]
    -iyor-
    [-ıyor-, -uyor-, -üyor-]
    A verbal suffix that denotes a 'continuous' tense, e.g., Present Continuous Tense, Geliyorum I am coming.Access complete 'Continuous Tense' examples from
    the Gelmek, to come
    Conjugations Index-page.
    -iz, ız, uz, üzSuffixes meaning "We are"...Yorgunuz; We're tired...
    izinLearn Practical Turkish Language color icon

    [Sounds]
    (MP3 Format)

    permission or leaveizin almak, to get permission
    izin vermek, to give permission
    izinli, on leave, on vacation
    izinsiz, without permission
    izinizleLearn Practical Turkish Language color icon

    [Sounds]
    (MP3 Format)

    with your permission, excuse me


    izlemekto watch, to follow 
    Also Related Pages:
  • Translating Turkish, the basics
  • Conjunction Celebration
  • Turkish Verbs
  • Essential Idioms, Index
  • Essential Suffixes, Index
  • Sentence Structure, Standard
  • Turkish Pronunciation
  • Turkish Accenting
  • Turkish Numbers Revealed
  • NewsReaders' Dictionary, Index
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