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In Turkey - Türkiye'de
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"The 700 Club"
of
Essential Turkish Language

D
In Turkey - Türkiye'de

Tüm kitap fırsatları için tıklayın !

Also Related Pages:
  • Translating Turkish, the basics
  • Conjunction Celebration
  • Turkish Verbs
  • Essential Idioms, Index
  • Essential Suffixes, Index
  • Sentence Structure, Standard
  • Turkish Pronunciation
  • Turkish Accenting
  • Turkish Numbers Revealed
  • NewsReaders' Dictionary, Index
  • Türkçe -- İngilizce Sözlük
    (Turkish -- English Dictionary)
    CD owners enjoy
    complete and direct linking
    throughout all the '700 Club' Pages.
    Site visitors may navigate using the
    '700 Club' Index Page
    [A] [B] [C] [Ç] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [İ] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [Ö] [P] [R] [S] [Ş]
    [T] [U] [Ü] [V] [Y] [Z]

    [Index]
    Turkish
    English
    Examples, supplements, and explanations
    D (~38 entries)  
    daha
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    more,
    further, before this, until now, only, still
    • Often used to construct comparatives:
      daha iyi, better (more good);
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
      bizden daha büyük, bigger than we are
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    • Zaman daha erken. It's still early.
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    dakika
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    minuteBir dakka! [short for, Bir dakika!]
    Wait just a moment!
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds

    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds

    dar
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    narrow 
    davranmak
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    to act, to behavedavranış, treatment
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    -de/-da [or -te/ta after ç, f, h, k, p, s, s, or t]
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    • Suffix denoting the Place Case of a noun, e.g., at, in, on.
    • Used in expressing the idea of when...
    • masada, on the table
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    • kitapta, in the book
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    • Saat sekizde kalkarım. I get up at eight o'clock.
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    • Geldiğimde sen yoktun. When I came you weren't there.
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
      Also see, zaman.
    de, da
    (stand-alone words)
    and, etc.
    defa
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    See explanation at tane. 
    değer
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    value, worthdeğerli, valuable
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    değil
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    not
    • Değil mi? Isn't that correct?
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    • Önemli değil. It's not important.
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    • Amerika'lı değil misiniz? Aren't you (all) American?
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
      Değiliz. We are not.
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    değişik
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    different, unusual, changed, altereddeğişiklik, change, alteration; amendment; unusualness
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    değişiklik yapmak, to make a change
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    değişmek, to change, alter, become different
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    dek
    (-e değin)
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    • up to, as far as, from-to, until, up to (a time)
    • by a time, within (a time)
    • Keloğlan (Turkish folk-lore hero), sabahtan akşama dek çalışırmış orda burda. 'Bald-boy' worked here and there from morning to night.
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    • göz açıp kapayıncaya dek within the blinking of an eye.
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    demek
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    to say, to mean
    • Ne demek? What do you mean? What does it mean?
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    • Ne demek... There's no need to mention it; Of course...
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    • diye [derived from demek],
      1. because, so that, thinking that, called [by], saying...
        Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
        • Arkadaşları, borç para ister diye, sokakta görünce yollarını değiştiriyorlardı. His friends, because he was always asking for a loan, would change direction when they saw him on the road.
          Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
        • Gücenirsiniz diye bir şey demedim. I didn't say anything, thinking that you might be offended.
          Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
        • 'Girilmez' diye bir levha, A sign saying 'No Admittance'...
          Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
      2. diye is also used in quotations -- without any meaning. "Saat kaç?" diye sordu. "What time is it?" he asked.
        Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    -den/-dan
    [or -ten/tan after ç, f, h, k, p, s, s, or t]
    1. Suffix denoting the From/Than Case of a noun.
    2. Also, click below to see the too many uses of the 'den' suffix.

    1. From/than Case examples...
      • arabadan, out of the car
      • kitaptan, from the book
      • Araba kitaptan daha ağırdır. A car is heavier than a book.
    2. -den beri, since; dünden beri, since yesterday
    denemekto tryDeneyelim. Let's try.
    denek, tried and true; tried, tested and proved
    deniz
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    seaEge Denizi Türkiye'nin batısındadır. The Aegean Sea is in the west of Turkey.
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    derece
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    • the temperature
    • the device that measures the temperature
    • 'a quality of measurement'
    en yüksek derece or birinci derece, the highest
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    en düşük derece, the lowest
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    son derece, extremely
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    dergimagazine 
    derin
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    deepDerin dondurucu garajdadır. The deep freezer is in the garage.
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    derhalimmediately 
    desteksupport, prop destek olmak, to support (intellectually)
    destek görmek, to get (intellectual) support, to be supported
    devamcontinuationdevam etmek, to continue
    Devamı var. To be continued.
    devleta country, a state, a government  
    dışoutsidedışarı, out, the outside
    -den dışarı, out of
    dışında, outside of, apart from, except for, besides
    diğerother 
    -dik-
    -diğ-
    (-dık-, -dük-, -duk-)
    A verbal suffix used to form 'past' participles in Turkish.
    • gördüğüm bir kadın, a woman [that] I saw
    • Click to see a full treatment of the Turkish past-participle
      -- with examples
      .


    • -dikçe
      (-dıkça, -dükçe, -dukça)
      Note below that 'd' changes to 't' after ç, f, h, k, p, s, ş, or t.
      A verbal suffix that denotes:
      • each time [that],
        every time [that], e.g.,
        aklıma geldikçe,
        every time I think of it
      • the more [that], e.g.,
        o güldükçe ben de güldüm, the more he laughed, [the more] I laughed too.
      • as long as,
        so long as, e.g.,
        sen ısrar ettikçe, as long as you insist
      • more and more, e.g.,
        azıttıkça azıttı, she became more and more unmanageable.
      • as -- see example usage on Conjunction Celebration page.
      • just because, e.g.,
        See cartoon illustration in next panel.
      • Also,
        now common words:

        gittikçe, gradually
        oldukça, rather
    Extreme measures...
    An illustrative cartoon of the verbal suffix -dikçe (above)...
    Click directly on the cartoon for more legibility...
    Click directly on the cartoon for more legibility...

    The Lout's married buddy: Say, pal...You're still single at age 40.
    Why aren't you getting married?

    The Lout's buddy (continuing in the second panel):
    Don't you need a woman's kindness and compassion,
    her love, her love-making, etc.?

    The Lout: I have such needs, but...
    would you throw yourself into the sea
    just because you're [a little] thirsty.
    [...susadıkça...]


    Thanks to:
    Gözcu/Asabi Gazetesi, Gerçek Yayıncılık A. Ş.
    (Mehmet Ali Yalçındağ, Owner)
    and Volkan Atalay, creator of  'Maganda, The Lout'.
    Ankara
    27 May 2001
    dikkat
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    [careful] attention, Be careful!, Notice!
    • dikkat etmek, to pay attention, be careful
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
      Lütfen, öğretmeninize dikkat ediniz. Please pay attention to the teacher.
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    • dikkate almak, take note, take into consideration
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    • dikkat çekmek, to attract attention
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    dil
    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    tongue or language
    • diller destan olmak, to be renowned...
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
      "Baba sizin dillere destan olmuş varlığınız benim harcadığım üç beş kese altınla tükenir mi?" "Will my spending of some of your gold money-bags [really] exhaust your renowned wealth, father?"
      From a Turkish folk-tale...
      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    -dim
    [-dım, -dum, -düm]
    A verbal suffix that denotes the 'first person singular' of a 'past' tense, e.g., Past Continuous Compound Narrative Tense -- Geliyordum. I was coming.

    Other past-tense suffixes:
    -din you, in the past
    -di he/she/it, in the past
    -dik we...
    -diniz you [plural]...
    -diler they ...
    [along with all their spelling variances!]

    Access complete 'Past Tense' examples from
    the Gelmek, to come
    Conjugations Index-page.
    din

    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    (30k bytes)

    religion 
    dinlemek

    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    (30k bytes)

    to listendinlenmek, to rest; Şu ceviz ağacının gölgesinde dinlenip biraz nefes alalım. Let's rest in the shade of this walnut tree and take a little break [breath].

    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    (72k bytes)

    -(dir), (dır), (dur), (dür)Suffixes meaning "He/she/it is"...Yorgun(dur); She is tired...
    -(dir)ler, (dır)lar, (dur)lar, (dür)lerSuffixes meaning "They are"...Yorgun(dur)lar; They're tired...
    doğueast 
    doğru

    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    (30k bytes)

    true, correct, straightDoğru değil mi? Isn't that right?

    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    (30k bytes)

    dolayısurroundings-dan dolayı, because of, on account of
    dolu

    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    (30k bytes)

    full or hail [pellets of frozen rain]
    • O dolu mu, yoksa boş mudur? Is it full or empty?

      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
      (57k bytes)

    • dolmak, to get filled

      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
      (30k bytes)

    • doldurmak, to fill, to charge [a battery], to load [a gun], to fill out [a form]

      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
      (30k bytes)

    • dolunay, a full moon

      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
      (30k bytes)

    • dolmuş -- the original Turkish short-journey passenger vehicle Click here a full 'back-grounder'
      on the NRED page
      .
    dönmekto turn, to returndönme...
  • a turning, a rotation
  • a religious convert
  • a transvestite
    dönüş, a turning, a return
  • duman

    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    (30k bytes)

    smoke, bad or hopeless (situation)dumanlı hava, [a] difficult situation

    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    (30k bytes)

    duman etmek, to harm, to destroy

    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    (30k bytes)

    durmakto stop, to standSee example usage as a verbal noun in the first sentence of the folktale, Hansel and Gretel. A translation follows below the usage.
    durumsituation, condition, statedurumunda, in the event that
    duymakto hear or to feelduyum, sensation
    duygu, feeling, emotion
    dünyesterday 
    dünya

    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    (30k bytes)

    the world
    • İkinci Dünya Savaşı hangi devletler arasında olmuştur? Which countries were involved in the Second World War? [...between which countries...]

      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
      (68k bytes)

    • Used in numerous Turkish idioms, phrases, and compound word constructions, such as:
      dünya alem, everyone

      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
      (30k bytes)


      dünya görüşü, one's general philosopy of life

      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
      (30k bytes)

      dünya kadar, a whole lot

      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
      (30k bytes)

      Dünya varmış! Ah...How wonderful! [The world exists!]

      Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
      (30k bytes)

    dürüsthonest 
    düş dream, hope, aspiration düşün, thought
    düşünmek, to think
    düşmek, to fall
    düşük, fallen, low (quality)
    In Turkey - Türkiye'de

    Tüm kitap fırsatları için tıklayın !

    Also Related Pages:
  • Translating Turkish, the basics
  • Conjunction Celebration
  • Turkish Verbs
  • Essential Idioms, Index
  • Essential Suffixes, Index
  • Sentence Structure, Standard
  • Turkish Pronunciation
  • Turkish Accenting
  • Turkish Numbers Revealed
  • NewsReaders' Dictionary, Index
  • Unrelated fun:
  • Maganda, The Racy Turkish Lout -- a risqué illustration of the word zipper
  • Aysel, The Turkish Lout's daughter -- has a sexy job interview technique
  • Ferdi Tayfur - Arabesque (Arabesk) Singing Sensation
  • Turkish Movies - Best-Looking Bad Girl of the 1970s, Sevda Ferdağ
  • Bad Girls of the 1970s Turkish Cinema, Aliye Rona
  • Frequently asked questions about Turkey and the Turkish language
  • llustrated Nargile Users Guide -- and Encyclopedia
  • Our Honda Generator -- A Member of the Family
  • Habibullah and the Great Cannon Caper
  • A simple Turkish 'thing'...
  • Turkish Belly Dancers
  • Turkish Tango, Dance the Romance
  • Turkish Tongue Twisters
  • Turkish for Kids
  • Pop Quiz
  • Politically Incorrect Turkish Humor
  • Internet and Computer Terms
  • Gossipy Turkish Who's Who
  • Turkish Movies -- Conventional and 'Erotik', Index
  • We say softball, you say rounders...
  • In Turkey - Türkiye'de

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