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"The 700 Club"
of
Essential Turkish Language

A

In Turkey - Türkiye'de

Tüm kitap fırsatları için tıklayın !

Türkçe -- İngilizce Sözlük
(Turkish -- English Dictionary)
CD owners enjoy
complete and direct linking
throughout all the '700 Club' Pages.
Site visitors may navigate using the
'700 Club' Index Page
[A] [B] [C] [Ç] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [İ] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [Ö] [P] [R] [S] [Ş]
[T] [U] [Ü] [V] [Y] [Z]

[Index]

Turkish
English
Examples, supplements, and explanations
A (~41 entries)  
abla


(10k bytes)

older sister
  • Ablam çok akıllı ve güzel. My older sister is very smart and beautiful.
  • Often used as a respectful endearment when a younger person speaks to [or of] a slightly older woman. Vendors also use the term with female customers.
  • Use it 'standing alone' or after a female person's name, as with:
    Esengül abla, Older-sister Esengül
acaba

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I wonder.Often used to add politeness to a question, as in:
Postane nerede acaba? Could you please tell me where the post office is?
[Where is the post office, I wonder?]

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Kara Murat saves the damsel...
Every word and suffix in the following two cartoon panels may be found in
"The 700 Club"
of Essential Turkish...


First Panel:
Acaba at-ı tut-abil-ecek miyim?
I wonder if I can grab hold of the horse?

Second Panel:
Siz-i kurtar-acağım...
I'll save you...


Thanks to:
Gözcu/Asabi Gazetesi, Gerçek Yayıncılık A. S.
(Mehmet Ali Yalçındağ, Owner)
and Rahmi Turan, creator of  'Kara Murat, Swashbuckler'.
Ankara
1 September 2001
acayip

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strange,
(or, in a reversal of meaning) really cool
Acayip bir şey!
That's very strange!
-or-
That's really cool!

(The situation dictates the meaning.)

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acı

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painAcı acıya, soğuk su sancıya iyi gelir. (Turkish Proverb)
One pain negates another, and cold water soothes an ache [so why not rise above the current situation and press on].

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hunger
  • mısınız? Are you hungry?
  • ım. I'm hungry.
  • açlık, hunger
  • acıkmak, to feel hunger; Acıktım. I'm hungry.

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açık


(Only on CD)

open, light (color), clear (meaning)
  • Kapım her zaman açık. My door is always open.


    (Only on CD)

  • Also, used with other words to form a large number of compound words and phrases, such as:
    • açık durmak, to stand aside
    • açık fikirli, broad-minded
    • açık konuşmak, to speak candidly
    • açık saçık, risque, off-color
  • açıklama, explanation, statement, disclosure
  • açıklamak, to explain, to clarify; Problemi açıklayabilir misiniz? Can you explain the problem?


    (Only on CD)

ad

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nameAdın ne? What's your name?

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Adım Johnson. My name's Johnson.

ada


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island 
Aferin!

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Bravo! Well done!Frequently used in game situations -- or in praise of children...
Affedersin(iz).

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Excuse me.affetmek, to forgive, to excuse; Affedersiniz, eczane nerede? Excuse me, where's the pharmacy/chemist/drug store?

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Afiyet olsun!

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Good appetite!Said to fellow meal-takers at the start of a meal; said in response to meal compliments (delivered from meal-takers) by the meal presenter; said to someone you come upon who is about to eat or who is already eating.
ağabey

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older brotherOften used as a respectful endearment when a younger person speaks to a slightly older man. Vendors also use the term with male customers.
ağır

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heavy, weighty, serious
  • Bu ağır sandalyeyi kaldırabilir misiniz? Can you lift this heavy chair?
  • Ağır otur ki "bey" desinler. (Turkish Proverb)
    Sit serious(ly) so that they might call you a gentleman.

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  • Also, used with other words to form other compound words and phrases, such as:
    • ağır ağır, slowly
    • ağır duymak, to be hard of hearing
    • ağırına gitmek, to offend, to hurt one's feelings
ağız

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mouthUsed in numerous Turkish idioms, phrases, and compound word constructions, such as:
  1. ağız dalaşı, a [verbal] quarrel, a row
  2. ağızdan ağıza, by word of mouth, by rumor
  3. ağız kokusu, bad breath
  4. ağız kalabalığı, a confused flow of words
  5. ağzı açık kalmak, to gape in astonishment
    [note the apocopation in ağzı...]

Etek öpmekle ağız aşınmaz. (Turkish Proverb)
The mouth is not worn out by kissing a skirt. [There is no harm in being respectful to an elder or superior.]

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ağrı

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pain
  • "Hele kalb ağrılarım durdu" diyordum.
    Y.K. Beyatlı, Turkish poet --
    Kendi Gök Kubbemiz

    I was saying, "Above all, my heart pains had stopped."

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  • ağrı kesici, pain killer, analgesic
  • ağrısı tutmak, to have birth pains begin, to start labor
aile

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familyOnun ailesi oturma odasındadır. Her family is in the salon/living room.

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[-e] ait

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concerning to, relating to, belonging toWilliam'a ait palto, the coat belonging to William

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ait olmak, to concern, relate, belong to
ait değil, doesn't belong, doesn't concern

akşam

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evening
  • Her akşam televizyon izlerim. I watch television every evening.
  • akşam yemeği, dinner; Melissa, akşam yemeğini saat yedi buçukta yer. Melissa has dinner at half-past seven.
  • İyi akşamlar; Good evening.

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alet

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toolBunlar marangozun aletleridir. These are the carpenter's tools.

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alınyazısı

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[one's] destiny, fateAskere giden oğlu şehit oldu, alınyazısı kötüymüş, He met a sad fate -- his son who became a soldier was killed on duty.

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Allah

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God
  • Allah allah! My goodness! Oh my!

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  • Allah insanın ömründen kesip bahtına katsın. (Turkish Proverb)
    Let God cut down on a man's lifespan and add the difference to his luck.
  • Allaha ısmarladık. Goodbye. [Said by the person who is departing the place to the person who will remain at the place.]

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    Note that the
    'street pronunciaton' is: Alasmaldık...

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  • Click to see further sampling of the numerous Other 'Allah' idioms...
almak

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to take, to buy
  • Ne alırsınız? What will you have [to eat/drink]?
  • alışveriş, shopping
  • Hocaya sormuşlar "Almak ile nasılsın?" "Şahin gibi" demiş! (Turkish Proverb)
    They asked the hoca [an Islamic 'cleric'], "How [good] are you at taking?
    He replied "as good as a falcon!"

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alt, altına, altında

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bottom, under, below, beneathAğır yükün altına girme belin incinir. (Turkish Proverb)
Don't take on a heavy load, you may injure your back. [Know your limits.]

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ama

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butVicdan yalan söylemez ama sık sık yanılır ve yanıltır. (Turkish Proverb)
C. Şahabeddin,
Tiryaki Sözleri

Conscience doesn't lie but it often blunders and makes mistakes.

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amca

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uncle
  • Often used as an respectful endearment when a younger person speaks to [or of] a rather older man. Vendors also use the term with older male customers.
  • Use it 'standing alone' or after a male person's name, as with:
    Bob amca, Uncle Bob
anlamak

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mother

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daughter

to understand, to have knowledge of
  • Hasmın sitemini anlamamak hasma sitemdir. (Turkish Proverb)
    It is a reproach to your enemy not to acknowledge his reproach.

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    (33k bytes)

  • anlatmak, to explain, to tell
  • anlaşmak, to come to an understanding/agreement with (someone)

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    female voice
    (10k bytes)

    Learn Turkish Language -- sounds
    male voice
    (14k bytes)

  • İlk işimiz, Bizim Yokuş'un meşhur Artin Efendisi ile anlaşmak oldu.
    Y. Z. Ortaç, Author
    Bizim Yokuş

    Our first job was to come to an understanding with the famous Artin Efendi in Bizim Yokuş.
    (Note: Bizim Yokuş is a general term for 'our neighborhood' or 'our precinct'.)

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  • anlaşma, agreement
anne

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mother
  • Şansım olsaydı annem beni kız doğururdu. (Turkish Proverb)
    If I'd been lucky my mother would have given birth to me as a girl.

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  • babaanne, grandmother (father's side)
  • anneanne, grandmother (mother's side)
aptal

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  1. stupid, silly, ridiculous
  2. a simpleton, a fool
Aptal bir şeydir. That's a dumb-ass thing...

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araba

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car, automobile, wagon, carriage
  • Rebbeca'nın harika bir arabası var. Rebecca has a very cool car.
  • Araba devrildikten sonra yol gösteren çok olur. (Turkish Proverb)
    After the carriage is overturned, there are many who would show the way...

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aralık

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a break, a space or December aralıkta, in between
aralıklı, spaced, at intervals
aralıksız, continuous, continuously

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aralık ayı, the month of December

aramak

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to look for, to search, to inquire
  • araştırma, research
  • Beni arasın. Ask her to call me.
  • Sırdaş aramak sırrını yaymak içindir. (Turkish Proverb)
    To look for a confidente is for the purpose of spreading your secret.

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ara,
arasında, arasına

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between, among
  • Nurettin her gün Gümüldür ile İzmir arasında otobüs sürer. Nürretin drives a bus between Gümüldür and Izmir every day.
  • Tavukların arasında bir tilki var. There's a fox among the chickens.
  • Kazlar arasında kartal ve kartallar arasında kaz aynı ölçüde sıkılır.
    C. Şehabeddin,
    Tiryaki Sözleri

    An eagle among some geese and a goose among some eagles are squeezed in the same measurement/amount.

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  • ara sıra, from time to time, now and then
arka,
arkada, arkasında, arkasına

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back, behind
  • arkasından, after
  • Evimiz kütüphanenin arkasındadır. Our house is behind the library.
  • Arkada, eski bir gömlek, yırtık bir pabuç, ve yamalı pantolon bıraktı.
    Y. Z. Ortaç
    Bizim Yokuş

    He left behind an old shirt, a torn pair of shoes, and a patched pair of pants.

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arkadaş

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friend/companion

  • erkek arkadaş, boyfriend
  • kız arkadaş, girlfriend
  • Arkadaşının adı nedir? What's your friend's name?
  • Ev almadan komşu, yola çıkmadan evvel arkadaş araştırınız.
    (Hadis-i Şerif)
    Before buying a house do research on your neighbor, before setting out on a journey do research on your [traveling] companion...

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artık

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now, at last, from now on, finallyArtık ilk bahar geldi. Spring has come at last.

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Bıktım artık. I'm fed up now, I've stood this long enough.

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Artık gidelim. That's enough of that, let's drop it finally and go.

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Artık bunu yapmaz. He won't do this anymore.

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asker

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soldieraskeri, military
askerlik, the military profession
asla

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never, by no meansAsla o adamdan hoşlanmadım! I never liked that man!

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aslan

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a lion, a brave personO adam aslan gibidir. That man is very courageous.

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/-den/ aşağı(da)

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below, down, downstairs
  • Ayrandan aşağı katık olmaz. There is no foodstuff lower than ayran.
    İ.H. Soykut, Türk Atalar Sözü Hazinesi, 112

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  • aşağı yukarı, approximately;
    Aşağı yukarı on yıl önce oldu. It happened about ten years ago.
  • aşağılık herif, a scoundrel, a rotten bastard
  • Aşağıda oturmazsan yukarıda da yerin yoktur.
    (Turkish Proverb)
    If you can't sit below, there'll be no place for you above.
  1. aşk

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    Note: The word ışk is from the Arabic language meaning: to embrace one another, to hug closely. In Turkish, the word was preferably spelled/pronounced işk, up until the 18th century.

  2. aşık

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  1. love, passion
  2. in love, lover
  1. Examples for aşk...
    1. aşkı cismani, sensual love
    2. aşk Eflatunî, Platonic love
    3. Allah aşkına!, My goodness!
    4. Aşkolsun!
      1. Well done!
      2. Shame on you!
  2. Examples for aşık...
    1. aşık olmak, to fall in love
    2. Bodrumda aşık oldum! I fell in love in Bodrum!

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athorse
  • ata binmek, to mount/ride a horse
  • at yarışı, a horse race
  • Used in countless Turkish Proverbs, such as:
    Atın kulağını kesin yine attır, domuzun kuyruğunu kesin yine domuzdur...
    [If you] cut off a horse's ears, it is still a horse. [And if you] cut off a pig's tail it is still a pig...
  • Click following to see
    use in a Turkish idiom...
ateş

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[a] fire,
a person's temperature,
an animal's temperature
İtfaiyeci ateş söndürür. A fireman puts out fire.

ateşlemek, to fire [a weapon]
ateş kesmek, [to] cease fire
ateşli silahlar, firearms

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ay

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month or moon
  • Ağustos ayı çok sıcaktır. The month of August is very hot.
  • Temiz iş altı ayda çıkar. (Turkish Proverb)
    It takes six months to finish a job decently.

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ayak

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foot
  • Onun ayağı kocamandır. His foot is huge.
  • Used in numerous Turkish idioms, phrases, and compound word constructions, such as: ayakkabı, shoe
    ayağa kalkmak, to stand up, to get to your feet, to recover from illness
    ayağa kaldırmak, to upset [a group], to incite
    ayak parmağı, toe
    ayakta tedavi, outpatient treatment [at hospital]

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ayar

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a device for checking accuracy, an adjustment (of time or of a machine)ayarlamak, to adjust, to arrange
ayarlama, an adjustment
ayarlı bomba, time bomb
ayarsız, out of order, of unknown standard

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ayırmak

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to separate, to isolate, to divide into partsayırtmak, to reserve

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aynı

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sameaynı şey, the same thing

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ayrıntı

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a detailayrıntılarına inmek, to get down to the details of (something), to begin to look at (something) in detail

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az

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littleaz kalsın, almost, nearly;
Az kalsın düşecektim. I nearly fell.

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Also Related Pages:
  • Translating Turkish, the basics
  • Conjunction Celebration
  • Turkish Verbs
  • Essential Idioms, Index
  • Essential Suffixes, Index
  • Sentence Structure, Standard
  • Turkish Pronunciation
  • Turkish Accenting
  • Turkish Numbers Revealed
  • NewsReaders' Dictionary, Index
  • In Turkey - Türkiye'de

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