The Birth and Growth of the
Turkish Films Industry
Türk Sineması --
'Conventional' Turkish Cinematic Roots
The History of Cinema stretches back more than a hundred years in Turkey -- almost to the time when moving pictures began their rise in the West as creative art and amusement.
The Turkish cinematic age had its innocent start at Ottoman Sultan Abdulhammid's Yildiz Palace in Istanbul in 1896, with the screening of a film whose name goes unrecorded. It must have been tremendously popular though, and in the very next year Sigmund Weinberger, an Hungarian lawyer turned film-buff, wowed Istanbul crowds with foreign film showings in Beyoğlu and Sehzadebaşı.
Just 17 years later (in 1914), fledgling Turkish director Fuat Uzkınay debuted the very first Turkish Film, a documentary -- that re-enacted the destruction of the Russian monument in Ayastefanos by activists.
The first Turkish films with fictional 'plots' were Himmet Aga'nın Evliliği (The Marriage of Himmet Aga), completed in 1918 by Uzkınay; Pence (The Paw) and Casus (The Spy) both completed in 1917, both produced and directed by Sedat Simavi.
The next major Turkish film was another documentary, Kurtuluş, İzmir Zaferi (Independence, the Izmir Victory), about the First War of Turkish Independence. But, exactly who made the film in 1922 and how it got made are facts buried in film dust. (We can only guess that the film was a collaborative effort of the Turkish film producing organizations of the time -- The Central Cinema Directorate and the Disabled Veterans Society.)
Muhsin Ertuğrul, One Man Show
Between 1923 and 1939, the only film director in the whole of Turkey was Muhsin Ertuğrul. And in those years he produced 29 full-length features based on popular novels, operettas, and plays -- and films from abroad.
More than any one before or after him, Ertuğrul controlled every aspect of the Turkish Cinema during his two-decades reign. And he firmly planted the seeds of the future Turkish film industry for those who followed him.
From the left,
Director Muhsin Ertuğrul with
actress Azize Emir and
cinematograher Cezmi Ar --
on the set of İstanbul Sokaklarında
(On The Streets Of Istanbul) 1931
Thanks to Rekin Teksoy152
World War II had a profound effect on the subject matter and direction of Turkish Cinema between 1939 and 1950. And film companies began to proliferate, albeit in a modest way, during that time.
The Turkish Cinema continued its progress during the 50's despite the significant political turmoil of the period. And it actually boomed between 1965 and 1975 -- during the era known as the 'Golden Years'.
Next: A 'Golden Bear' in heady days... but when TV steals family audience-share, 'Erotik' Films make hay -- and headway
In Turkey - Türkiye'de
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Links, also related:
- Turkish Movies Catalog, Index
- Hülya Avşar's notorious skinny-dipping scene from an unnamed film of the 1980's
- Dirty Turkish Voice Recordings - Autumn 2011
- Worst Turkish Self-Promoters - Politicians, Media 'Stars', Entertainers...
- Bülent Arınç's Gutter-Mouth gets away from him...again
- Dirty Talk in Turkish - for 'in the flesh' encounters and phone-sex - Autumn 2010
- Canan Candan -- Not-Very Innocent Young Villager, of the 1970s
- Emel Canser -- Liberated and Licentious Lady
- Şener Şen (Sener Sen), Actor of Woeful Countenance
- Türkan Şoray (Turkan Soray) - Sultan of the Turkish Silver Screen
- Sevda Nur, Turkish Movie Actress - Those beautiful eyes...
- Famous Femmes of Modern Turkish History
- Turkish Movies - Best-Looking Bad Girl of the 1970s, Sevda Ferdağ
- Bad Girls of the 1970s Turkish Cinema, Aliye Rona
- Best and Worst Turkish Movies - with a religious theme (Dini Motifli Filmler)
- Sultry Aynur Aydan - The Woman Who Brought Down The Minister
- Müjde Ar's hardly conventional film career... achievement and controversy
- What really happened in bed between Müjde Ar and Nur Sürer in Dul Bir Kadın?
- Müjde Ar Center
- 'Erotik' Movies -- The Short Unhappy Life of Mine Mutlu 1/4
- Deep-inside Dilber Ay
- White-Hot Real Blonde... the Ceyda Karahan Center
- Turkish Belly Dancing Stars
- 'Erotik' movie clips of young Banu Alkan & Songül Gündüz in Arzu
- 'Erotik' movie clips of young Hülya Avşar as the Sekreter
- The Gossipy Who's Who of Turkey, index
- The Top Ten Turkish Movies of All Time
- #5 Selvi Boylum Al Kazmalım (The Girl in the Red Scarf)
- The First All-Turkish 'Gloves-Off Erotik' Movie -- 'Öyle Bir Kadın Ki' (1979)
- Öyle Bir Kadın Ki -- The Leading Female/Male Movie Actors
- Öyle Bir Kadın Ki -- The 'Supporting' Cast and the 'Ed Wood-style' Director
- The Turkish Movies, etc. Catalog --
for English Speakers
- Turkish Kinsey Report
- Hülya Avşar (and friends) give frikik
Thanks to the following people for their
source material on which parts
of our cinema sections in the 'Turkish Movies, etc. Catalog' are based:
Giovanni Scognamillo, Cihan Demirci, Metin Demirhan, and Ağah Özgüç.
We also extend special thanks to the content providers
and webmasters at the following Turkish websites:
Turksinemasi.net, FotoAjans.com, Superresim.com, and Kimkimdir.gen.tr