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Pre-Ottoman Age Islamic Notables... Ibn Sina or Avicenna (c. 980-1037); a medical doctor of great reknown during his lifetime (shown here in a modern-day depiction)
Pre-Ottoman Age Doctor
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Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire
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Sultans and Concubines and Eunuchs, oh my...!

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Term Meaning Comments
Vakfiye Title deed of endowment of a vakif.  
vakıf A religious/charitable foundation (created by an endowed trust fund).
In English, 'waqf' or 'wakf'.
A grant of land or other source of revenue given in mortmain for pious or charitable purposes.
vakıf A creator of charitable foundations called vakıf (in Turkish) and 'waqf' or 'wakf' (in English).  
valiA governor of a province, a viceroy. 
valide alay The cortege that accompanies the mother of the new sultan to the Imperial Residence.  
Valide (or Valide Sultan, Sultana Valide) "Royal mother" The mother of the reigning Sultan.
Vatican or Vatican City

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A State within a City...66

An independent state within the city limits of Rome, Italy -- that is the official headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church.
Also see the Pope.
vekil usta Woman prefect of the slaves.  
(also vezir...)
Minister of the sultan and member of the imperial council (divan), the elite ruling body of the Ottoman Empire. Vizier was the highest rank in the military/administrative hierarchy of the empire; At most times, there were up to 4 such ministers, but one, the Grand Vizier, was senior in rank and power to the others.
vezir-i azam see Grand Vizier.  
Voynik A Slav warrior in Ottoman service.  
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Turkish History, Ottoman History, Ottman Age/Era Encyclopedia

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