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Ottoman Age Notables... Leonardo Da Vinci (1452  1519), intellectual and artistic giant of the Renaissance
Ottoman Age Polymath
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Habibullah's
Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire
AND HER TIMES
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Sultans and Concubines and Eunuchs, oh my...!


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U
Term Meaning Comments
uçkur a belt, often quite elaborate and richly embroidered among the well-to-do used to secure the şalvar and/or the dizlik at the waist
ulema Members of the learned religious establishment, including judges (kadı), specialists in the interpretation of the sharia (müfti), and teachers at higher institutions of Muslim education. The group of learned 'doctors' administrating Muslim canon law, tradition, theology in the Ottoman State. From the mid-16th Century onward, the head of the ulema was the Şeyhülislam. The first instance of this was during the reign of Süleyman I, when the sultan's old friend Ebussuud gained control of the ulema.
Umur Bey Second son of the founder of the Aydın Dynasty, established (originally) near Izmir (Smyrna). Under Umur Bey, the Aydın Dynasty became a sea power. By means of his fleet, Umur was able to successfully raid Byzantine Thrace (in the 1330's). At times, his forces were enlisted as mercenaries by Pretenders to the Byzantine throne.
Umur Bey was a contemporary of Osman I, The founder of the Ottoman Empire.
usta (1) A lesser officer of the Janissaries.
(2) A master in a craft guild or the bureaucracy.
(3) A degree in the hierarchy of the Palace harem.
(4) A women in charge of the servants and slaves.

Uniformed Janissary usta90
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Turkish History, Ottoman History, Ottman Age/Era Encyclopedia

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