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Identify the Ottoman Age painter of
Ottoman Age Notables... [Sandro] Botticelli (14451510) painted 'The Birth of Venus' in the early Renaissance period about 30 years after the fall of Constantinople.
'The Birth of Venus'
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Habibullah's
Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire
AND HER TIMES
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Sultans and Concubines and Eunuchs, oh my...!

Site visitors may navigate the encyclopedia using the
Ottoman Empire Index
or the
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D
Term Meaning Comments
Dahil medrese
[Sounds] (2k bytes)
'Interior medrese', a higher medrese giving instruction in the religious sciences.  
damad (or damat)
[Sounds] (2k bytes)
The general dictionary meaning is "Son-in-law"... ...however, in the Ottoman Court, the meaning was a little broader. It meant 'the husband of an Ottoman princess'. And since the title 'princess' was used for a daughter or a sister (or even, a granddaughter) of a sultan, thus 'damad/damat' could mean either a 'Son in Law' or a 'Brother in Law' -- of the Sultan. We are first told about the practice of selecting the Sultan's Grand Vizier from among his damads in records that come down from Bayezid II (1485-1512). For the following generations of sultans, records show that the practice was general. See, for example, The Grand Viziers of Süleyman I.
Danişmend A specialist student in a higher medrese.  
Darülhadıs One of the medreses attached to the Süleymaniye Mosque (see cami) for the study of hadith.  
Darülharb 'The Abode of War', the non-Islamic lands.  
Darülislam 'The Abode of Islam', the Islamic lands/realms.  
Darüssaade ağa(sı) 'Ağa of the Abode of Felicity', the chief black eunuch of the Palace; known also as the 'harem ağası'.  
  1. davul
  2. davulcu

Right click to 'View' or 'Zoom' image enlargement...

An Ottoman drummer 'boy'...88

  1. A drum.
    The Ottoman drum which survives to the modern age is made of a large and rather wide wooden hoop covered on both sides with donkey hide. It's beaten with a stick on one side and on the other (usually the right side) with a mallet. 87 Used in ceromonies (like sünnet) -- and for announcements (such as Ramazan 'start of day').
  2. A player of the drum -- a drummer.

    Click following for a
    davulcu 'Personal Experience'.
 
Dede 'Grandfather', title given to the heads of various dervish communities, especially to the head of the Bektaşi Order.  
Dede Korkut Edition 3.51

Dede Korkut (with his lute-like saz) was a wandering philosopher minstrel of the Oghuz (Oğuz, Uz) tribe of Turks -- from whence sprung first the Selçuk and later the Ottoman Turks (of the Kayı [Qayı] family). In the next panel below is a roughly translated and condensed story from The Book of Dede Korkut about Dirse Khan and his son, Prince Boğaç. Note that the Chief of all the Oghuz is one Kam Ganoğlu Bayindir Khan -- and Dirse Khan is one of his ranking noblemen.
The legendary hero-poet who first told the stories of the Oğuz Turks -- in epic poem style.
The 'Kitab-ı Dede Korkut ala Lisan-a Taife-i Oğuzhan' (The Book of Dede Korkut in the Tongue of the Oğuz People) says that Dede Korkut lived during the time of the Prophet Muhammad, but that doesn't seem to jibe with the facts which place him more probably in the 13th century -- during the formative years of the Ottoman Empire.
Apparently, the Oğuz believed that he could predict the future, so they often sought his advice about personal alliances, 'travel', and 'business arrangements.' He often played the 'saz' while he prophesied -- and was supposed to have lived to be 295 years old!

The Book of Dede Korkut

The Story of Dirse Khan's Son, Boğaç
One day, Bayindir Khan sends out a call for all of his nobleman to gather and make camp at his headquarters.  When the noblemen arrive he orders his men to erect three large tents: a white, a red and a black one.  He then decrees that each nobleman who is father of boy child may sit with highest honors in the white tent.  Every father of a girl child, he directs to the red tent -- a lesser honor.  Finally,  noblemen with no children at all are relegated to the black tent of shame.  Bayindir proclaims, "God punishes those with no children, and we are going to punish them too."  Because he has neither son nor daughter, Dirse Khan is forced in ignominy to the black tent.  Later, he returns home in sadness to his wife and implies that she may be to blame.  But she will have none of that, saying, "Come on Dirse Khan, don't make me angry. Straighten yourself up!  First set up a big festival tent.  Then make ready the meat -- sacrifice horses, camels and rams.  Gather all the Oğuz people for a feast and festival.  Feed the hungry, clothe the naked, pay the debts of the poor.  Heap the meat high, make lakes of koumiss [fermented (alcoholic) mare's milk], give a great banquet, make prayers and wishes.  Maybe God will give us a son!"  And soon thereafter, their prayers are answered when Dirse's wife conceives and, at the appropriate interval, gives birth to a fine son.  As customary, the first son may not be named officially until he commits a brave act.  At age 15, Dirse's son, has grown tall and skinny, but fast of foot -- and with a poet's tongue.  One day, Dirse takes his son with him on a visit to Bayindir Khan -- and while the boy is playing in the arena with friends, a fighting bull gets loose and charges them.  The other boys run for cover but Dirse's son stands his ground, and, making good use of his brain (and speed), he slowly tires the bull and then easily kills it.  The adults report the brave action of Dirse's son to Bayindir Kahn, who calls on Dede Korkut to now name the boy officially.  With great ceremony, Dede Korkut commands that henceforth the boy should be called Boğaç Khan (in honor of the powerful 'boğa' [bull] the boy defeated). To be continued...

Deftarhane Chancellery  
Defter Kethüdası 'Kethüda of the registers', a provincial official controlling the timar registers.  
Defterdar The head of the Treasury (or, at a lower level one who dealt with money matters -- such as the Defterdar of Timars. See also, defter kethüdası)  
Değirmen Kapı Mill Gate  
Demir Kapı Iron Gate Gate leading to the Topkapı Palace gardens.
Derbendci The guardian of a pass, bridge or ford.  
Dergah-i alı 'The Sublime Porte', the Ottoman government.  
Derviş
(Dervish)

A member of the Mevlevi Dervish order
(known as the Whirling Dervishes)
Literally means 'humble, tolerant person' Refers to a member of a heterodox Islamic religious group. In Turkey, dervish denominations with significant followings in Ottoman times included the Bektaşı, Mevlevi, Rufai, Nakshbendi, Kadiri, etc.
devetlu A title of respect given to the sultan's mother. It means, 'She who has power'.
devşirme (1) The levy of Christian children to be trained for posts in the Palace, the administration or the kapıkulu military corps.
(2) A youth so levied.
Literal meaning is 'picking, gathering'. The forced recruitment of Christian youths for the Sultan's service.
Divan the Council of the Ottoman Empire -- or a meeting of such a council. The Ottoman state's governing body.
Divan-i hümayun 'Imperial council', the grand vizier's council and the central organ of the Ottoman government.  
dizlik 'long' baggy underwear, reaching to and tied at the knees, secured at the waist with an uçkur this term is sometimes used as a synonym for şalvar, but the şalvar is a more elaborate outer garment by definition
doğancıA person whose profession is 'falconer'. 
Dolaplı Kubbe The Closeted Dome A dark antechamber, near the Gate of the Aviary, in the Palace Harem -- that used to be guarded day and night by two black eunuchs.
dolma A vegetable, fowl, lamb, mussel, etc. filled with stuffing or dressing.  
donanma
Right click to 'View' enlarged image

This galley warship was popular with Ottoman naval forces up through the 14th Century. It was built from foreign designs -- of the Caravel and Gerrick class.58
Navy, fleet, naval force...  
Dönüm A unit of land measurement; 940 square meters.  
Dülbend oğlanı The keeper of the sultan's linen.  
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